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cog

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Phyllis Therous
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English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Middle English cogge or kogge (14th century), Old French cogue or coque, Middle Low German kogge, Middle Dutch cogghe, Middle High German kocke, [[w:Template:lang:de language|Template:lang:de]][[Category:Template:lang:de derivations]] kock (15th century).

EB1911A-pict1.png This entry lacks an etymology. If you are familiar with the origin of this word, please add it to the page as described here.
Particularly: “are all these really etymons or are some just cognates?”

Noun

Singular
cog

Plural
{{{1}}}

cog ({{{1}}})
  1. (historical) A ship of burden, or war with a round, bulky hull.

Etymology 2

Middle English cogge; confer Swedish kugge and Norwegian kug of same sense. Nonetheless, the exact relation between the English and the Scandinavian words can't be determined. The meaning of "cog" in carpentry derives from association with a tooth on a cogwheel.

Noun

Singular
cog

Plural
{{{1}}}

cog ({{{1}}})
  1. A tooth on a gear
  2. A gear; a cogwheel
  3. A unimportant individual in a greater system.
    • 1976, Norman Denny (English translation), Victor Hugo (original French), Les Misérables
      ‘There are twenty-five of us, but they don’t reckon I’m worth anything. I’m just a cog in the machine.’
    • 1988, David Mamet, Speed-the-Plow
      Your boss tells you “take initiative,” you best guess right—and you do, then you get no credit. Day-in, ... smiling, smiling, just a cog.
  4. (carpentry) a projection or tenon at the end of a beam designed to fit into a matching opening of another piece of wood to form a joint
Translations
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Uncertain origin. Both verb and noun appear first in 1532.

Noun

Singular
cog

Plural
{{{1}}}

cog ({{{1}}})
  1. an act of cogging

Verb

Infinitive
to cog

Third person singular
cog

Simple past
ed

Past participle
-

Present participle
g

to cog (third-person singular simple present cog, present participle g, simple past and past participle ed)
  1. to cheat at dice
  2. to cheat; to play or gamble fraudulently

Etymology 4

This definition is lacking an etymology or has an incomplete etymology. You can help Wiktionary by giving it a proper etymology.

Noun

Singular
cog

Plural
{{{1}}}

cog ({{{1}}})
  1. A spelling variant of the noun cogue.

Scottish Gaelic

Verb

cog (present participle a' cogadh, simple past chog, past participle air chogadh)

  1. to fight, to war

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