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- IPA: /'kɒm.juˌnɪzm̩/
A calque of the [[w:Template:lang:de language|Template:lang:de]][[Category:Template:lang:de derivations]] word Kommunismus (from Marx and Engels's Manifesto of the German Communist Party), in turn a calque of the French word communisme, which was formed from commun ("common"), from [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] communis, and the suffix -isme ("-ism").
- Any political philosophy or ideology advocating holding the production of resources collectively.
- Any political social system that implements a communist political philosophy.
- The international socialist society where classes and the state no longer exist.
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- Beginning in the 1950s, the term communism was used to describe something negative. This usage is very similar to the way that the word gay is used. This practice is derived from the fact that people, during the Red Scare, accused those they disliked of being communists, often for absurd or impossible reasons. For example, one might describe a difficult test as "communism". This colloquial usage is restricted primarily to American English. See Communism.
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