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crush

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English

Etymology

From Middle English cruschen, crousshen, Old French cruisir, croissir < Late Latin cruscire, probably of Germanic origin, from a derivative of the word seen in Gothic  (kruistan), to gnash); akin to Swedish krysta (to squeeze), Danish kryste, Icelandic kreysta.

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
crush

Plural
crushes

crush (crushes)
  1. A violent collision or compression; a crash; destruction; ruin.
  2. Violent pressure, as of a crowd; a crowd which produced uncomfortable pressure; as, a crush at a reception.
  3. A short-lived and unrequited love or infatuation; the object of this infatuation.
    • 2004: Chris Wallace, Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage
      It had taken nine years from the evening that Truman first showed up with a pie plate at her mother's door, but his dogged perseverance eventually won him the hand of his boyhood Sunday school crush.
  4. A standing stock or cage with movable sides used to restrain livestock for safe handling

Derived terms

Translations

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Verb

Infinitive
to crush

Third person singular
crush

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
es

to crush (third-person singular simple present crush, present participle es, simple past and past participle -)
  1. To press or bruise between two hard bodies; to squeeze, so as to destroy the natural shape or integrity of the parts, or to force together into a mass.
    to crush grapes
    Ye shall not offer unto the Lord that which is bruised, or crushed, or broken, or cut. --Lev. xxii.
  2. To reduce to fine particles by pounding or grinding; to comminute.
    to crush quartz
  3. To overwhelm by pressure or weight; to beat or force down, as by an incumbent weight.
  4. To oppress or burden grievously.
  5. To overcome completely; to subdue totally.
  6. (intransitive) To be or become broken down or in, or pressed into a smaller compass, by external weight or force'
    an eggshell crushes easily
  7. To feel infatuation with or unrequited love for.
    She's crushing on him.

Derived terms

Translations

References

crush” in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

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