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cunnan

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Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *kunnan, from Proto-Indo-European *gnō- (to know). Cognate with Old Frisian kunna, Old Saxon cunnan (Dutch kunnen), Old High German kunnan (German können), Old Norse kunna (Swedish kunna), Gothic 𐌺𐌿𐌽𐌽𐌰𐌽. The IE root is also the source of Greek γιγνωσκειν, γνῶσις, Latin cognoscere, Welsh gnawd, Russian знать, Lithuanian žinoti.

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈkunːɑn/

Verb

cunnan

  1. to know, to be familiar with
    Ic ða stowe ne cann: I do not know the place.
  2. (auxiliary) can, to know how, to be able
    Ic can eow læran: I can teach you.

Conjugation

Preterite-present
present singular plural
1st person can cunnon
2nd person canst
3rd person can
subjunctive cunne cunnen
preterite singular plural
1st person cūþe cūþon
2nd person cūþest
3rd person cūþe
subjunctive cūþe cūþen
imperative singular plural
cunne cunnaþ
participle present past
cunnende (ġe)cunnen, (ġe)cūþ


Descendants

Elsewhere on the web

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