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cwen

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Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *kwēni- (woman, wife), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷḗn. Cognate with Old Saxon quān, Old Norse kvæn (Norwegian kvinne, kvinna), Gothic 𐌵𐌴𐌽𐍃 (quino). The IE root is also the source of Ancient Greek γυνή (gunē), (Greek γυναίκα (gynaika), Proto-Slavic *žena (Old Church Slavonic жена, Russian жена), Old Irish ben (Welsh benyw), and Albanian zonjë.

Pronunciation

Noun

cwēn f. (plural cwēna or cwēne)

  1. woman
    Seo clæneste cwen ofer eorþan: the purest woman on earth.
  2. wife
  3. queen
    Aðelwulf cyng Carles dohtor hæfde to cwene: King Athelwulf took Charles's daughter as his queen.

Related terms

Descendants

See also

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