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damp

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English

Etymology

Akin to Low German damp, Dutch damp, and Danish damp (vapor, steam, fog), German Dampf, Icelandic dampi, Swedish damb (dust), and to German dampf imperative of dimpfen (to smoke). Also Old English dampen (to choke, suffocate).

Pronunciation

Adjective

damp (comparative damper, superlative dampest)

Positive
damp

Comparative
damper

Superlative
dampest

  1. Being in a state between dry and wet; moderately wet; moist.
    • O'erspread with a damp sweat and holy fear - Dryden
  2. (obsolete) Pertaining to or affected by noxious vapours; dejected, stupified.
    • 1667, All these and more came flocking; but with looks / Down cast and damp - John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 1, ll. 522-3

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Derived terms

Noun

Singular
damp

Plural
s

damp (s)
  1. (archaic, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Moisture; humidity; fog; fogginess; vapor.
    Quotations
    • Night . . . with black air Accompanied, with damps and dreadful gloom. - Milton
  2. (archaic) Dejection; depression; cloud of the mind.
    Quotations
    • Even now, while thus I stand blest in thy presence, A secret damp of grief comes o'er my soul. - Addison
    • It must have thrown a damp over your autumn excursion. - J. D. Forbes
  3. (archaic, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A gaseous product, formed in coal mines, old wells, pits, etc.

Translations

Derived terms

Verb

Infinitive
to damp

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to damp (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -) (transitive)


  1. (archaic) To dampen; to render damp; to moisten; to make humid, or moderately wet; as, to damp cloth.
  2. (archaic) To put out, as fire; to depress or deject; to deaden; to cloud; to check or restrain, as action or vigor; to make dull; to weaken; to discourage.
  3. To suppress vibrations (mechanical) or oscillations (electrical) by converting energy to heat (or some other form of energy).
    Quotations

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Dutch

Noun

damp m. (plural dampen)

  1. vapour (UK), vapor (US)

Derived terms


Swedish

Verb

damp

  1. preterit active of dimpa

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