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discipline

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English

Pronunciation

Etymology

From Middle English < Old English < Old French descipline and desciple < [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] disciplina "instruction" and discipulus "pupil" from discere "to learn" < Indo-European *dek- "(cause to) accept", other derivatives of which, and that preserve the IE. root and meaning, include doctor, document, doctrine and docent (all from L. docere) as well as dogma, dignity and decorate.

Noun

Singular
discipline

Plural
{{{1}}}

discipline ({{{1}}})
  1. controlled behaviour; self-control
  2. enforced compliance or control
  3. a systematic method of obtaining obedience
  4. a state of order based on submission to authority
  5. punishment intended to train
  6. a set of rules regulating behaviour
  7. a specific branch of knowledge or learning
  8. flagellation as a means of obtaining sexual gratification
  9. a category in which a certain sport belongs, or a sub-category of said sport.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

Infinitive
to discipline

Third person singular
disciplin

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
ing

to discipline (third-person singular simple present disciplin, present participle ing, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (transitive) To train someone by instruction and practice.
  2. (transitive) To teach someone to obey authority.
  3. (transitive) To punish someone in order to gain control.
  4. (transitive) To impose order on someone.

Translations

Related terms


Italian

Noun

discipline f.

  1. Plural form of disciplina.

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