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From Old English docga, of unknown origin, via Middle English dogge. In the 16th century, it superseded Old English hund and was adopted by many Continental languages, but its precise origin is one of the greatest unknowns of etymology.
- (RP) IPA: /dɒg/, SAMPA: /dQg/
- (US) IPA: /dɔg/, SAMPA: /dOg/
- (US, in accents with the cot-caught merger) IPA: /dɑg/, SAMPA: /dAg/
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- Rhymes: -ɒɡ
- An animal, member of the genus Canis (probably descended from the common wolf) that has been domesticated by man for thousands of years; occurs in many breeds. Scientific name: Canis lupus familiaris.
- The dog barked all night long.
- A male dog, as opposed to a bitch (a female dog.)
- (derogatory) A dull, unattractive girl or woman.
- She’s a real dog.
- (slang) A man.
- You lucky dog!
- (derogatory) Someone who is morally reprehensible.
- You dirty dog.
- 1599 — Robert Greene, Alphonsus, King of Aragon (1599). Act 3.
- Blasphemous dog, I wonder that the earth
- Doth cease from renting vnderneath thy feete,
- To swallow vp those cankred corpes of thine.
- Any of various mechanical devices for holding, gripping, or fastening something, particularly with a tooth-like projection.
- "A click or pallet adapted to engage the teeth of a ratchet-wheel, to restrain the back action; a click or pawl." (See also: ratchet, windlass)
- 1897 Universal Dictionary of the English Language, Robert Hunter and Charles Morris, eds., v2 p1700.
- A metal support for logs in a fireplace.
- The dogs were too hot to touch.
- A hot dog.
- (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Underdog
- (previous scientific names): Canis familiaris, Canis domesticus, Canis familiaris
- (animal): domestic dog, hound, canine
- (man): bloke (British), chap (British), dude, fellow, guy, man
- (morally reprehensible person): cad, bounder, blackguard, fool, hound, heel, scoundrel
- (mechanical device): click, detent, pawl
- (metal support for logs): andiron, firedog, dogiron
- Weisenberg, Michael (2000) The Official Dictionary of Poker. MGI/Mike Caro University. ISBN 978-1880069523
Third person singular
- (transitive) To go after with the intent to catch.
- (transitive) To follow in an annoying way, to constantly be affected by.
- The woman cursed him so that trouble would dog his every step.
- (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To fasten a hatch securely.
- It is very important to dog down these hatches...
- (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To watch, or participate, in sexual activity in a public place, on the pretence of walking the dog; see also dogging.
- I admit that I like to dog at my local country park.
Sometimes "dog" is used in a jocular sense to mean "not god", as in "dog is my co-pilot"
Not a borrowing from English, but an independent and regular development from the proto-Australian word *gudaga, thus: Mbabaram dog < *dwog(a) < *udwoga < *gudwaga < proto-Australian *gudaga. Confer Dyirbal guda, Yidin gudaga.
Torres Strait Creole
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