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eat

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Thomas Jefferson
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English

Etymology

Old English etan, from Proto-Germanic *itan-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed-. Cognate with Scots aet, Dutch eten, German essen, and Swedish äta, and (from IE) with Ancient Greek ἔδω (edō), Latin edō, Russian ем, and Lithuanian ésti.

Pronunciation

Verb

Infinitive
to eat

Third person singular
eats

Simple past
ate

Past participle
eaten

Present participle
eating

to eat (third-person singular simple present eats, present participle eating, simple past ate, past participle eaten)
  1. (ambitransitive) To consume (something solid or semi-solid, usually food) by putting it into the mouth and swallowing it.
    He’s eating an apple.
    Don’t disturb me now; can't you see I’m eating?
  2. (intransitive) To consume a meal.
    What time do we eat this evening?
  3. (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To cause (someone) to worry.
    What’s eating you?
  4. (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To take the loss in a transaction.
    It’s a special order, we can’t send it back; if the customer won’t accept it, we’ll have to eat the 40 tons of steel ourselves.

Synonyms

Derived terms

See also

Translations

Anagrams


Latin

Verb

eat

  1. third-person singular present active subjunctive of .

West Frisian

Pronoun

eat

  1. something, anything

Elsewhere on the web

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