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From Ancient Greek ἐπιστήμη (epistēmē), “‘science, knowledge’”) < ἐπίσταμαι (epistamai), “‘I know’”) + -λογία (logia), “‘discourse’”) from λέγω (legō), “‘I speak’”). The term was introduced into English by the Scottish philosopher James Frederick Ferrier (1808-1864).
- (uncountable) The branch of philosophy dealing with the study of knowledge; theory of knowledge, asking such questions as "What is knowledge?", "How is knowledge acquired?", "What do people know?", "How do we know what we know?".
- Some thinkers take the view that, beginning with the work of Descartes, epistemology began to replace metaphysics as the most important area of philosophy.
- (countable) A particular theory of knowledge.
- In his epistemology, Plato maintains that our knowledge of universal concepts is a kind of recollection.
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