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er

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English

Pronunciation

Interjection

er

  1. Said when hesitating in speech.

Verb

Infinitive
to er

Third person singular
ers

Simple past
erred

Past participle
-

Present participle
erring

to er (third-person singular simple present ers, present participle erring, simple past and past participle erred)
  1. (informal) To utter the word "er" when hesitating in speech, found almost exclusively in the phrase um and er.
    He ummed and erred his way through the presentation.

See also


Breton

Contraction

er

  1. e (preposition "in") + ur (indefinite article "a(n)")
  2. e (preposition "in") + ar (definite article "the")

Cornish

Noun

er

  1. eagle

Crimean Tatar

Adjective

er

  1. every

Danish

Verb form

er

  1. is

Dutch

Adverb

er

  1. there

Related terms

Pronoun

er

  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Er is an object pronoun used instead of hem, haar, het, or hen when such pronoun would be the complement of a preposition (which is not grammatically wrong), in which case er becomes the complement of a postposition. If er is followed immediately by its postposition, the two words can merge to form a pronominal adverb (see the following list of "derived terms").
    Ik heb ermee gewerkt. — I have worked with it.
    Je kunt er de bergen boven zien. — You can see the mountains above it.

Derived terms


Faroese

Pronunciation


vera, v
number singular plural
person first second third all
Indicative eg hann / hon
tað
vit, tit,
teir / tær / tey
tygum
Present eri ert er eru
Past var vart var vóru
Imperative tit
Present ver ! verið !
Infinitive vera
Pres. part. verandi
Past part. -
Supine verið

Verb form

er

  1. he, she, it is, 3rd person singular present form of vera (to be)



German

Etymology

Old High German er.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

er [[Category:Template:lang:de pronouns|er]]

  1. (personal) he.
    Wo ist Klaus? Wo ist er? — Where is Klaus? Where is he?
  2. (personal) it (when the grammatical gender of the object/article/thing/animal etc., being referred to, is masculine (der)).
    Dies ist mein Hund. Er heißt Waldi. — This is my dog. Its name is Waldi.
    Dort steht ein Baum. Er ist über 100 Jahre alt. — There stands a tree. It is more than 100 years old.

Inflection

The genitive case seiner is more and more rarely used in modern German.

  • The genitive case seiner does not express ownership, so one must not mix it up with the possessive pronoun sein, which is declined by gender, singular/plural and case.

Icelandic

Verb

er

  1. first person singular present tense indicative of vera
    Ég er skemmtilegur.
    I am fun. (when "I" is a man)
    Hver er ég?
    Who am I?
  2. third person singular present tense indicative of vera
    Veit einhver hvar pabbi minn er?
    Does anybody know where my dad is?
    Hver er hann?
    Who is he?

Pronoun

er [[Category:Template:lang:is pronouns|er]]

  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) which
    Maður er , er Jón heitir.
    There is a man, who's name is John.
    Konan, er hann vartala við.
    The woman, that he was talking to.
    Þetta er borgin, er hann kom frá.
    This is the city, which he originated from.
    Bærinn, er hún ætlar til.
    The town, to which she's heading to.
  2. (archaic) in relations with a demonstrative pronoun (this, that, these) or personal pronoun (I, we, they), which represents the genitive of a relative pronoun.
    Það er bók, er menn þekkja eigi höfund hennar.
    There is a book, of whom the author people know not.

Conjunction

er

  1. (with an "indexical"; ábendingarorð) of a place, of a time

Derived terms


Mandarin

Pinyin

er (form of er0 or er5)

  1. : obstinate; stupid; uneven; mix
  2. : son, child, oneself

Pinyin syllable

er

  1. A transliteration of any of a number of Chinese characters properly represented as having one of three tones, ér, ěr, or èr.

Usage notes

English transcriptions of Chinese speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Chinese language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.


Manx

Preposition

er

  1. on

Norwegian

Verb

er

  1. Present tense of være.

Old High German

Etymology 1

Common Germanic, whence also Old English ær.

Adjective

ēr

  1. earlier

Etymology 2

Common Germanic *aiz, akin to Old English ār, Old Norse eir.

Noun

ēr

  1. ore

Etymology 3

Common Germanic, akin to Latin is

Pronoun

er

  1. he

Polish

Pronunciation

Noun

er [[Category:Template:lang:pl noun forms|er]]

  1. plural genitive of era

Scots

Verb

er

  1. (South Scots) Second-person simple present form of ti be
  2. (South Scots) Plural simple present form of ti be
  3. (South Scots) First-person singular simple present form of an obscure form of ti be
    A'm er so!

Usage notes

Used emphatically. See ir.


Swedish

Pronoun

er c. (neuter possessive only ert, plural era)

  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1), (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) yee, you (plural)
  2. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) your, yours; (speaking to more than one person, about one object)
  3. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) of ni; c.f. yourselves
    Skulle ni vilja lära er jonglera? = Would you guys like to learn how to juggle?

See also


Turkish

Adjective

er

  1. early

Noun

er

  1. man

Verb form

er

  1. reach (imperative)

Elsewhere on the web

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