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fire

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And you are to love those who are your aliens for you yourselves were aliens in Egypt. [Deuteronomy 10:19]
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English

A large fire.

Etymology

From Middle English fier < Old English fyr < Proto-Germanic *fuir < Proto-Indo-European *perjos, *paewr- (fire) This was an inanimate noun, whose animate counterpart was Proto-Indo-European *perjos, *egni-. Akin to Dutch vuur, German Feuer, Ancient Greek πῦρ (pur).

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
fire

Plural
s

fire (s)
  1. (uncountable) A (usually self-sustaining) chemical reaction involving the bonding of oxygen with carbon or other fuel, with the production of heat and the presence of flame or smouldering.
  2. (countable) Something that has produced or is capable of producing this chemical reaction, such as a campfire.
    We sat around the fire singing songs and telling stories.
  3. (countable) The, often accidental, occurrence of fire in a certain place leading to its full or partial destruction.
    There was a fire at the school last night and the whole place burned down.
    During hot and dry summers many fires in forests are caused by regardlessly discarded cigarette butts.
  4. (uncountable, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) One of the four basic elements.
  5. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) One of the five basic elements (see Wikipedia article on the Classical elements).
  6. (countable, UK) A heater or stove used in place of a real fire (such as an electric fire).
  7. (countable) The elements necessary to start a fire.
    The fire was laid and needed to be lit.
  8. (uncountable) The in-flight bullets or other projectiles shot from a gun.
    The fire from the enemy guns kept us from attacking.

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Infinitive
to fire

Third person singular
fir

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
ing

to fire (third-person singular simple present fir, present participle ing, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (transitive) To shoot (a gun or other explosive propelled device).
    We will fire our guns at the enemy.
  2. (intransitive) To shoot a gun, a cannon or a similar weapon.
    Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes.
  3. (transitive) To terminate the employment contract of an employee, usually because of the misconduct or poor performance of the employee (as opposed to "make redundant" or "lay off", where the employee’s actions are not the reason for the termination); to expel one from their job.
    She should fire the employee that stole from the company.
  4. (transitive) To heat (pottery, ceramic, etc.), usually in a kiln to make the clay nonsoluble or to affix a glaze.
    If you fire the pottery at too high a temperature, it may crack.
  5. (intransitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To cause an action potential in a cell.
    When a neuron fires, it transmits information.
  6. (transitive) To set (something) on fire.
    • (A date for this quote is being sought): 1898 "Then I slipped up again with a box of matches, fired my heap of paper and rubbish, put the chairs and bedding thereby, led the gas to the affair, by means of an india-rubber tube, and waving a farewell to the room left it for the last time.
    • (A date for this quote is being sought): "You fired the house!" exclaimed Kemp.
    • 1897, H.G. Wells, The Invisible Man Chapter 20,
      "Fired the house. It was the only way to cover my trail—and no doubt it was insured."

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Danish

Cardinal number

fire

  1. (cardinal) four

Verb

fire

  1. to slacken, to ease.

Norwegian

Cardinal number

fire

  1. (cardinal) Four.

Derived terms

Verb

å fire (present tense firer; past tense fira/firet/firte; past participle fira/firet/firt; present participle firende)

  1. slacken, ease.

Romanian

Noun

fire n. pl.

  1. Plural form of fir. threads, strings

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