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From Late Latin gerundium, from Old Latin gerundum (“‘to be carried out’”), the gerundive of gerere (“‘to bear, carry’”). In [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]], a verbal noun used for all cases of the infinitive but the nominative.
- (grammar) A verbal form that functions as a verbal noun. (In English, a gerund has the same spelling as a present participle, but functions differently.)
- In the phrase ‘Walking is good exercise.’, walking is a gerund.
- (grammar) In some languages such as Italian or Russian, a verbal form similar to a present participle, but functioning as an adverb. These words are sometimes referred to as conjunctive participles.
- In the Russian ‘Нельзя переходить улицу читая газету.’ (One shouldn’t cross a street while reading a newspaper.), читая ‘while reading’ is a gerund.
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