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god

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
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A statue depicting Zeus, a Greek god.
See also God, and good

English

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Etymology

From Middle English, from Old English god (supreme being, deity), Old High German got (a rank of deity) originally neuter, then changed to masculine to reflect the change in religion to Christianity, both from the Proto-Germanic *ǥuđa-, *ǥuđan, from the Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰuto- (that which is invoked), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵhau- (to call, to invoke) or * *ǵheu- (to pour). Not related to the word good.

Pronunciation

Noun

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Singular
god

Plural
s

god (s)
  1. A deity:
    1. A supernatural, typically immortal being with superior powers.
    2. A deity personifying or in charge of a specific matter.
      Poseidon was the Greek god of the sea.
    3. A male deity.
      • (A date for this quote is being sought): Chuck Palahniuk:
        When ancient Greeks had a thought, it occurred to them as a god or goddess giving an order. Apollo was telling them to be brave. Athena was telling them to fall in love.
    4. A supreme being; God, typically in some particular view or aspect.
  2. An idol
    1. A representation of a deity, notably a statue(tte).
    2. Something or someone particularly revered, worshiped, idealized, admired and/or followed.
  3. (metaphore) A person in a high position of authority; a powerful ruler or tyrant.
  4. (notably in Greek/young God) An exceedingly handsome man.

Usage notes

The word god is often applied both to males and to females. The word was originally neuter in Proto-Germanic; monotheistic -notably Judeo-Christian- usage completely shifted the gender to masculine, necessitating the development of a feminine form, goddess.

Synonyms

  • (supernatural being with superior powers): deity

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

(Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Infinitive
to god

Third person singular
god

Simple past
ing

Past participle
-

Present participle
d

to god (third-person singular simple present god, present participle d, simple past and past participle ing)
  1. to idolize
    • 1608, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Coriolanus, Act V Scene III,  
      CORIOLANUS: This last old man, / Whom with a crack'd heart I have sent to Rome, / Loved me above the measure of a father; / Nay, godded me, indeed.
    • a. 1866, Edward Bulwer Lytton, "Death and Sisyphus".
      To men the first necessity is gods; / And if the gods were not, / " Man would invent them, tho' they godded stones.
    • 2001, Conrad C. Fink, Sportswriting: The Lively Game, page 78
      "Godded him up" ... It's the fear of discerning journalists: Does coverage of athletic stars, on field and off, approach beatification of the living?
  2. to deify
    • 1595, Edmund Spenser, Colin Clouts Come Home Againe.
      Then got he bow and fhafts of gold and lead, / In which fo fell and puiflant he grew, / That Jove himfelfe his powre began to dread, / And, taking up to heaven, him godded new.
    • 1951, w:Eric Voegelin, Dante Germino ed., The New Science of Politics: An Introduction (1987), page 125
      The superman marks the end of a road on which we find such figures as the "godded man" of English Reformation mystics
    • 1956, C. S. Lewis, Fritz Eichenberg, Till We Have Faces: A Myth Retold, page 241
      "She is so lately godded that she is still a rather poor goddess, Stranger.

Translations

Anagrams

See also

References

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse góðr.

Adjective

god

  1. good

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

god (plural goden, diminutive godje)

  1. god

Related terms


Navajo

Pronunciation

  • IPA: [kòt]~[kɣʷòt]

Etymology

From Proto-Athabascan *-ɢᴜ̓t’.

Cognates:

  • Apachean: Western Apache -god, Chiricahua -go’
  • Others: Hupa -ɢot’, Mattole -goʔł, Galice -gʷay’, Chilcotin -gʷə́d, Slavey -gó’, Hare -gó’, Dogrib -gò, Dene Sųłiné -gór, Sekani -gʷə̀de’, Dunneza -gʷəd, Central Tanana -gᴜd, Hän -gòd, Ahtna -ɢo’d, Dena’ina -ɢət’, Eyak -ɢuʰd

Noun

-god (inalienable)

  1. knee

Derived terms


Norwegian

Etymology

From Old Norse góðr.

Adjective

god (masculine god; feminine god; neuter godt; plural gode; comparative bedre; superlative best)

  1. good

Old English

Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic *ǥuđa-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰuto- (invoked; poured, libated), from an original root *ǵhau-, *ǵhawə- (call, invoke) or *ǵheu- (pour). Germanic cognates include Old Frisian god, Old Saxon god (Dutch god), Old High German got (German Gott), Old Norse goð, guð (Swedish gud), Gothic 𐌲𐌿𐌸 (guth). The IE root is also the source of Ancient Greek καυχάομαι (kaukhaomai), I extol, boast), Old Irish guth (voice), Old Church Slavonic зъвати (Russian звать (zvat’), call)).

Pronunciation

Noun

god n.

  1. god

god m.

  1. God
Declension
Singular Plural
nominative god godas
accusative god godas
genitive godes goda
dative gode godum


Descendants
  • English: god

Etymology 2

Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, *gothaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰadʰ- (to gather, align, match). Cognate with Old Frisian gōd, Old Saxon gōd (Dutch goed), Old High German guot (German gut), Old Norse góðr (Swedish god), Gothic 𐌲𐍉𐌸𐍃 (goths).

Pronunciation

Adjective

gōd

  1. good, appropriate, pleasing
Declension
Weak Strong
singular plural singular plural
m n f m n f m n f
nominative gōda gōde gōde gōdan nom. gōd gōde gōd gōda, -e
accusative gōdan gōde gōdan acc. gōdne gōd gōde gōde gōd gōda, -e
genitive gōdan gōdra, gōdena gen. gōdes gōdes gōdre gōdra
dative gōdan gōdum dat. gōdum gōdum gōdre gōdum
instrumental gōde


Descendants

Noun

gōd n.

  1. good; goodness, benefit, well-being
Declension
Singular Plural
nominative gōd gōd
accusative gōd gōd
genitive gōdes gōda
dative gōde gōdum

Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *godъ. Cognate with Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian god, Old Church Slavonic годъ.

Noun

god m.

  1. name day

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse góðr.

Pronunciation

Adjective

Inflections of
god
Absolute Comparative Superlative
Attributive Predicative
Indefinite
singular
Common god godare godast
Neuter gott
Definite
singular
Masc. gode godaste
All goda godaste
Plural goda godaste

god

  1. good; the opposite of evil
  2. good; something which tastes pleasant

Derived terms

Antonyms

not evil
pleasant-tasting

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