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gun

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See also gün, gūn, gǔn, gùn, and Gun

English

Etymology

Middle English Lady Gunilda which was a huge crossbow that used powerful shot. It later became used for firearms like cannons and muskets. The Germanic woman’s name “Gundahild” , cognate to modern Scandinavian Gunhild, means “war" + "battle maid”.

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
gun

Plural
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gun ({{{1}}})
  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A cannon with relatively long barrel, operating with relatively low angle of fire, and having a high muzzle velocity. JP 1-02.
  2. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A cannon with tube length 30 calibers or more. See also: howitzer; mortar. JP 1-02.
  3. A very portable, short weapon, for hand use; a bullet or projectile-firing weapon; a handgun: a revolver, pistol, Derringer, zipgun, so forth.
  4. A less portable, long weapon; a bullet or projectile firing weapon; a rifle, either manual, automatic or semi-automatic; a musket or shotgun.
    This is my rifle, this is my gun. One is for fighting, one is for fun. (U.S. military cadence, used to make recruits memorize that the only correct term for a soldier's standard-issue firearm is a rifle, not a gun.)
  5. Any weapon that launches a projectile from a tube, even if it is not a firearm, e.g., air-pressure pellet gun, air rifle, BB gun; or, a home-made firearm such as a potato gun.
  6. Any device or tool that projects a substance in a superficially similar fashion to a firearm, e.g., nail gun, squirt gun, spray gun, grease gun.
  7. A device or tool shaped like a pistol and operated in similar fashion by pulling a trigger with the index finger, e.g., rivet gun, screw gun, price-label gun.
  8. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A long surfboard designed for surfing big waves (not the same as a longboard, a gun has a pointed nose and is generally a little narrower).
    2000: by the winter of 1962, the Brewer Surfboards Hawaii gun was the most in-demand big-wave equipment on the North Shore. — Drew Kampion at surfline.com [1]
  9. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) biceps.

Derived terms

See also

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Infinitive
to gun

Third person singular
gun

Simple past
ing

Past participle
-

Present participle
n

to gun (third-person singular simple present gun, present participle n, simple past and past participle ing)
  1. (with “down”) To shoot someone or something, usually with a firearm.
    He gunned down the hitmen.
    The CEO gunned down that idea before we could present it to the board.
  2. To speed something up.
    He gunned the engine up.
  3. To offer vigorous support to a person or cause.
    He’s gunning for you.
  4. To seek to attack someone; to take aim at someone.
    He's been gunning for you ever since you embarrassed him at the party.

Translations


Dutch

Pronunciation

Verb

gun

  1. First person present tense of gunnen; allowing or indulging something (pleasurable) to somebody; grant, indulge, not envy.

Japanese

Romaji

gun (hiragana ぐん)

  1. : army

Kurdish

Noun

gun m.

  1. testicle, ball, bollock, egg, nut, orchis, testis

Mandarin

Pinyin syllable

gun

  1. A transliteration of any of a number of Chinese characters properly represented as having one of three tones, gūn, gǔn, or gùn.

Usage notes

English transcriptions of Chinese speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Chinese language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.


Scottish Gaelic

Conjunction

gun/gum/gu/

  1. that
    an t-amadan sin gun do thagh thu - That fool that you voted for
    am fear gum pòs aig an deireadh na mìosa - that man that will marry at the end of the month
    an taigh gu bheil aice - that house that she has

Preposition

gun

  1. without
    gun teagamh - without a doubt

Elsewhere on the web

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