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half

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English

Etymology

Old English healf ('half'); as a noun, 'half', 'side', 'part'; akin to Old Saxon, Old Friesian, and Dutch half, German halb, Swedish half, Danish halv, Icelandic hālfr and Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌻𐌱𐍃 (halbs). Compare halve, behalf.

Pronunciation

Adjective

half (not comparable)

Positive
half

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. Consisting of a moiety, or half
    a half bushel; a half hour; a half dollar; a half view
  2. Consisting of some indefinite portion resembling a half; approximately a half, whether more or less; partial; imperfect
    a half dream; half knowledge
    • Tennyson:
      Assumed from thence a half consent.

Usage notes

  • (consisting of a moiety, or half): The adjective and noun are often united to form a compound.

Synonyms

Translations

Derived terms

Adverb

half (not comparable)

Positive
half

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. In an equal part or degree; in some part approximating a half; partially; imperfectly
    half-colored; half done; half-hearted; half persuaded; half conscious
    • Dryden:
      Half loth and half consenting.
    • Nehemiah 13:24:
      Their children spoke half in the speech of Ashdod.

Translations

Noun

Singular
half

Plural
halves

half (halves)
  1. One of two equal parts into which anything may be divided, or considered as divided; — sometimes followed by of; as, a half of an apple.
    • Milton:
      Not half his riches known, and yet despised.
    • Tennyson:
      A friendship so complete Portioned in halves between us
  2. Half of a standard measure; frequently used (UK) for half a pint of beer or cider.
    • 1968 (UK), John Braine, The crying game, Houghton Mifflin, p. 11,
      He came back with a pint of Guinness for me and a half of bitter for Wendy.
    • 1974 (UK), James Herriot, All Things Bright and Beautiful, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0312020309,
      I accepted a half of bitter from him.
    • 2006 (UK), Bill Appleton, Wide Boy, Pegasus Elliot Mackenzie, ISBN 1843862530, p. 168,
      I went to the bar where I bought a pint and two large brandies. ... "Not brandy," she replied, "but I could use a long drink - maybe a half of lager.
  3. (arithmetic, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) The fraction obtained by dividing 1 by 2.
    Three-quarters minus a quarter is a half.
  4. (obsolete) part; side; behalf — Wyclif
    • Chaucer:
      The four halves of the house

Synonyms

  • (arithmetic: fraction obtained by dividing 1 by 2): ½

Translations

Derived terms

Verb

Infinitive
to half

Third person singular
halves

Simple past
halved

Past participle
-

Present participle
halving

to half (third-person singular simple present halves, present participle halving, simple past and past participle halved)
  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To halve.

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References


Dutch

Adjective

half (declined halve)

  1. half

Derived terms


German

Verb

half [[Category:Template:lang:de verb forms|half]]

  1. Past tense of helfen.

Elsewhere on the web

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