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The really happy man never laughs—seldom—though he may smile. He does not need to laugh, for laughter, like weeping is a relief of mental tension—and the happy are not over strung.
Prof. F. A. P. Aveling
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Old English habban.



to have

Third person singular
has, or archaic hath

Simple past

Past participle

Present participle

to have (third-person singular simple present has, or archaic hath, present participle having, simple past and past participle had)
Additional archaic forms are second-person singular present tense hast and second-person singular past tense hadst.
  1. (transitive) To possess, own, hold.
    I have a house and a car.
    Look what I have here — a frog I found on the street!
  2. (transitive) To be related in some way to (with the object identifying the relationship).
    I have two sisters.
    The dog down the street has a lax owner.
  3. (transitive) To partake of a particular substance (especially a food or drink) or action.
    I have breakfast at six o'clock.
    Can I have a look at that?
    I'm going to have some pizza and some Pepsi right now.
  4. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Used in forming the perfect aspect and the past perfect aspect.
    I have already eaten today.
    I had already eaten.
  5. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) must.
    I have to go.
    Note: there's a separate entry for have to.
  6. (transitive) To give birth to.
    The couple always wanted to have children.
    My wife is having the baby right now!
  7. (transitive) To engage in sexual intercourse with.
    He's always bragging about how many women he's had.
  8. (transitive with bare infinitive) To cause to, by a command or request.
    They had me feed their dog while they were out of town.
  9. (transitive with adjective or adjective-phrase complement) To cause to be.
    She had him arrested for trespassing.
    The movie's ending had the entire audience in tears.
  10. (transitive with bare infinitive) To be affected by an occurrence. (Used in supplying a topic that is not a verb argument.)
    The hospital had several patients contract pneumonia last week.
    I've had three people today tell me my hair looks nice.
  11. (transitive with adjective or adjective-phrase complement) To depict as being.
    Their stories differed; he said he'd been at work when the incident occurred, but her statement had him at home that entire evening.
  12. Used as interrogative auxiliary verb with a following pronoun to form tag questions. (For further discussion, see "Usage notes" below)
    We haven't eaten dinner yet, have we?
    Your wife hasn't been reading that nonsense, has she?
    (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) He has some money, hasn't he?

Usage notes

Interrogative auxiliary verb

have ...? (third-person singular has ...?, third-person singular negative hasn't ...? or has ... not?, negative for all other persons, singular and plural haven't ...? or have ... not?); in each case, the ellipsis stands for a pronoun

  1. Used with a following pronoun to form tag questions after statements that use "have" to form the perfect tense or (in UK usage) that use "have" in the present tense.
    We haven't eaten dinner yet, have we?
    Your wife hasn't been reading that nonsense, has she?
    I'd bet that student hasn't studied yet, have they?
    You've known all along, haven't you?
    The sun has already set, has it not?
    (UK usage) He has some money, hasn't he? (see usage notes below)
  • This construction forms a tag that converts a present perfect tense sentence into a question. The tag always uses an object pronoun substituting for the subject. Negative sentences use has or have, distinguished by number. Affirmative sentences use the same followed by not, or alternatively, more commonly, and less formally, hasn't or haven't.
  • In American usage, this construction does not apply to present tense sentences with has or have, or their negations, as a verb; it does not apply either to the construction "have got". In those cases, use "does" or its negation instead. For example: "He has some money, doesn't he?" and "I have got enough time, don't I?" These constructions with "do", "does", "don't" or "doesn't" are considered incorrect in UK usage.


auxiliary verb with past participle
  • 1611King James Version of the Bible, Luke 1:1
    Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us...

Derived terms


See also


Etymology 1

Old Norse hagi.



  1. garden

Etymology 2

Old Norse hafa



  1. To have.

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