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hebban

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Old English

Etymology

Proto-Germanic *habjan, from Proto-Indo-European *kap- (take, seize). Cognate with Old High German heffen (German heben), Old Norse hefja (Danish hæve, Swedish häva), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐍆𐌾𐌰𐌽 (hafjan), Old Frisian heva, Old Saxon hebbian (Dutch heffen). The IE root is also the source of Latin capio, Old Irish cacht (Welsh caeth ‘slave’, Breton keaz ‘poor’), Albanian kap ‘grip’, Slavic *xopītī- (Old Church Slavonic хапѭште, Russian хапать), Baltic *kap- (Lithuanian kàpteleti, Latvian kàmpt ‘bite’).

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈhebːɑn/

Verb

hebban

  1. to lift, to raise up
    Ic hond and rond hebban mihte. I could lift hand and shield. (Beowulf)

Conjugation

Class VI strong
present singular plural
1st person hebbe hebbaþ
2nd person hebbest
3rd person hebbeþ
subjunctive hebbe hebben
preterite singular plural
1st person hōf hōfon
2nd person hōfe
3rd person hōf
subjunctive hōfe hōfen
imperative singular plural
hebb hebbaþ
participle present past
hebbende (ġe)hafen


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Descendants

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