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hel

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Dutch

Etymology 1

cognate with hell

Noun

hel (plural hellen, diminutive helletje)

  1. (religious & mythological) hell, a diabolical aftermath
  2. (figurative) a terrible place or ordeal
    Hij maakte daarmee haar leven tot een hel.
    With that he made her life into a hell.
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Adjective

now rare root form of helder 'bright'

Etymology 3

cognate with hall

Noun

hel (plural hellen, diminutive helletje)

  1. hall, frozen spot

References

  • Dr. P.A.F. van Veen e.a., Etymologisch Woordenboek. De herkomst van onze woorden., Van Dale Lexicografie, 1989 [Dutch etymological dictionary, in Dutch]

Icelandic

Declension of hel
(singular) (plural)
(indefinite) (definite) (indefinite) (definite)
nominative hel helin heljar heljarnar
accusative hel helna heljar heljarnar
dative hel helnni heljum heljunum
genitive heljar heljarinnar helja heljanna
Other words with the same declension


Noun

hel f.

  1. hell

Kurdish

Noun

hel, f.

  1. solution

Synonyms

Derived terms


Limburgish

Etymology 1

Older Limburgish hèl. Cognate to English hell.

Noun

hel f

  1. hell
  2. a bad place to be
Inflection
Inflection
Root singular Root plural Diminutive singular Diminutive plural
Nominative hel  ? helke helkes
Genitive hels  ? helkes helkes
Locative helles helleser helleske helleskes
Dative¹ helle  ?  ?  ?
Accusative¹ hel  ? helke helkes
  • Dative and accusative are nowadays obsolete, use nominative instead.

Etymology 2

Older Limburgish helle

Adjective

hel (comparative helder; superlatives: hels, predicate form 't hèls)

  1. hard, tough, difficult
  2. hard, rough, pointed
  3. hard, heavy
  4. hard, solid
  5. loud
Inflection
Masculine Feminine Neutral
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nominative helle hel hel hel hel hel
Genitive hells heller heller heller hells heller
Locative helles helles helles helles helles helles
Vocative² hel hel hel hel hel hel
Dative¹ helle hellen heller hellen hel hellen
Accusative¹ helle hellen hel hel hel hellen
  • Dative and accusative are nowadays obsolete, use nominative instead.
  • Vocative only exists for about ten words.

Norwegian Bokmål

Alternative spellings

Etymology

From Old Norse heill, "whole, complete" (> Danish and Swedish hel, Icelandic heill), akin to heilsa, "health, well-being" (> Norwegian helse). From Proto-Germanic *khailaz (> Old English and Old Frisian hal, Middle Dutch hiel), from Proto-Indo-European *koilas.

Adjective

hel (masculine hel; feminine hel; neuter helt; plural hele; comparative helere; superlative helest)


  1. whole, unbroken
    Hun har ikke røykt på en hel uke.
    She hasn't smoked for a whole week.
    Jeg vet ikke, hele denne greia virker litt risikabel for meg.
    I don't know, this whole ting seems a little risky to me.
    Jeg tror ikke han forstår hvorfor, Harry, men han hadde det så travelt med å kveste sin egen sjel at han aldri tok seg tid til å forstå den uforliknelige kraft i en sjel som er uplettet og hel. (from page 463 of the Norwegian translation of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Harry Potter og Halvblodsprinsen)
    I do not think he understands why, Harry, but he was in such a hurry to mutilate his own soul, he never paused to understand the incomparable power of a soul that is untarnished and whole. (from page 478 of the original British version of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince)
  2. pure, all
    Jeg fikk tak i en genser i hel ull, den blir god å ha når vinteren kommer.
    I got myself a pure wool sweater, it'll come in handy when winter arrives.
  3. (used as a noun) it, all of it, the whole/entire thing
    Og det beste ved det hele er at jeg slipper å se deg i to, hele måneder!
    And the best part of it is that I don't have to see you for two, whole months!

Synonyms

whole, unbroken, pure

Derived terms

References

  • hel” in The Ordnett Dictionary
  • hel” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk DictionaryDokumentasjonsprosjektet.
  • Harry Potter og Halvblodsprinsen, ISBN: 82-04-11217-3. Norwegian translation of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince by Torstein Bugge Høverstad.
  • Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, ISBN: 0-7475-8108-8, by J.K. Rowling

Norwegian Nynorsk

Alternative spellings

Etymology

From Old Norse hel, the goddess of death or the death realm itself (compare helvete).

Noun

hel (not inflected or declined in any way)

  1. only used in with preposition i, "in, to": i hel, "to death, dead"

Derived terms

References

  • hel” in The Ordnett Dictionary
  • hel” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk DictionaryDokumentasjonsprosjektet.

Polish

Pronunciation

Noun

hel m. [[Category:Template:lang:pl nouns|hel]]

  1. helium

Declension

Singular only
Nominative hel
Genitive helu
Dative helowi
Accusative hel
Instrumental helem
Locative helu
Vocative helu

Swedish

Pronunciation

Inflections of
hel
Absolute Comparative Superlative
Attributive Predicative
Indefinite
singular
Common hel helare helast
Neuter helt
Definite
singular
Masc. hele helaste
All hela helaste
Plural hela helaste

Adjective

hel

  1. whole; complete
  2. not broken; in order

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