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hold

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English

Pronunciation

Etymology

Verb: Old English healdan.

Noun: From the verb, influenced by Old Norse hald (hold, custody).

Verb

Infinitive
to hold

Third person singular
holds

Simple past
held

Past participle
held or rarely holden

Present participle
holding

to hold (third-person singular simple present holds, present participle holding, simple past held, past participle held or rarely holden)
  1. (transitive) To grasp or grip.
    Hold the pencil like this.
  2. (transitive) To contain or store.
    This package holds six bottles.
  3. (transitive) To have and keep possession of something.
    Hold my coat for me.
    The general ordered the colonel to hold his position at all costs.
  4. (transitive) To reserve.
    Hold a table for us at 7:00.
  5. (transitive) To cause to wait or delay.
    Hold the elevator.
  6. (transitive) To detain.
    Hold the suspect in this cell.
  7. (transitive) To maintain a belief.
    1776 Declaration of Independence [of the English American colonies south of Canada]
    We hold these truths to be self-evident,...
Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun

Singular
hold

Plural
{{{1}}}

hold ({{{1}}})
  1. A grasp or grip.
    Keep a firm hold on the handlebars.
  2. Something reserved or kept.
    We have a hold here for you.
  3. (wrestling) A position or grip used to control the opponent.
    He got him in a tight hold and pinned him to the mat.
  4. (nautical) The cargo area of a ship, (often cargo hold).
    Put that in the hold.
  5. (gambling) The percentage the house wins on a gamble.

Derived terms

Translations

See also


German

Etymology

From Old High German hold.

Adjective

hold [[Category:Template:lang:de adjectives|hold]]

  1. (archaic, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) friendly, comely, graceful

Hungarian

Etymology

From Proto-Uralic *kuŋe. Cognates include Finnish and Estonian kuu.

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈhold/

Noun

hold (plural holdak)

  1. moon

Derived terms


Icelandic

Etymology

From Old Norse hold.

Pronunciation

Noun

hold n. (genitive singular holds, uncountable)

  1. flesh

Declension

n-s Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hold holdið - -
Accusative hold holdið - -
Dative holdi holdinu - -
Genitive holds holdsins - -

Old English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Germanic *xuldan, from Indo-European *kol-, kwol-. Cognates include Old Norse hold (flesh) (Icelandic hold, Swedish hull), and (from Indo-European) Old Irish colainn, Welsh celain.

Noun

hold n.

  1. Dead body, carcase
    Swa swa grædige ræmmas ðar ðar hi hold geseoþ. Like greedy ravens when they see a corpse.

Etymology 2

From Germanic *xulþa-, a variant on a root meaning ‘lean, incline’ (compare Old English heald, hieldan). Cognates include Old Frisian hold, Old Saxon hold, Old High German hold (German hold), Old Norse hollr (Swedish huld), Gothic 𐌷𐌿𐌻𐌸𐍃.

Adjective

hold (+ dative)

  1. gracious, loyal, kind
    Swa hold is God mancynne ðæt he hæfþ geset his englas us to hyrdum. God is so gracious to mankind that he has appointed angels as our guardians.

Old High German

Adjective

hold

  1. friendly

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