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instrumental

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English

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Etymology

From Middle English < Mediaeval Latin instrumentalis < instruere ("to build into, set up, construct, furnish," hence "to train") < in- ("on") + struere ("to put together, arrange, pile up, build, construct") < Proto-Indo-European *streu- ("to spread, extend, stretch out").

Pronunciation

Adjective

instrumental (comparative {{{1}}}, superlative {{{2}}})

Positive
instrumental

Comparative
{{{1}}}

Superlative
{{{2}}}

  1. Acting as an instrument; serving as a means; contributing to promote; conductive; helpful; serviceable; essential or central.
    He was instrumental in conducting the business.
    Quotations
    • The head is not more native to the heart, The hand more instrumental to the mouth — Shakespeare, Hamlet, I,ii
  2. (music): Pertaining to, made by, or prepared for, an instrument, especially a musical instrument; as, instrumental music, distinguished from vocal music.
    Quotations
    • He defended the use of instrumental music in public worship. — Macaulay
    • Sweet voices mix'd with instrumental sounds. — Dryden
  3. (grammar): Applied to a case expressing means or agency—and is generally indicated in English by by or with with the objective; as, the instrumental case. This is found in Sanskrit as a separate case, but in Greek it was merged into the dative, and in Latin into the ablative. In Old English it was a separate case, but has disappeared, leaving only a few anomalous forms. It continues to be used in Slavic languages.

Derived terms

Noun

Singular
instrumental

Plural
s

instrumental (s)
  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) The instrumental case.
  2. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A composition without lyrics.

Translations


Bosnian

Noun

instrumental m (plural instrumentali)

  1. the instrumental case

Declension

Declension of instrumental Singular Plural
Nominative instrumental instrumentali
Genitive instrumentala instrumentala
Dative instrumentalu instrumentalima
Accusative instrumental instrumentale
Vocative instrumentale instrumentali
Instrumental instrumentalom instrumentalima
Locative instrumentalu instrumentalima



Croatian

Noun

instrumental m (plural instrumentali)

  1. the instrumental case

Declension

Elsewhere on the web

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