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iron

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
He who is not impatient is not in love.
Italian Proverb
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A pot of melted raw iron.

English

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Etymology 1

The position of the element iron in the periodic table, and its structure.

From Middle English iren, a rhotacism of Old English īsern (also isærn, iren, isen). Cognate with Danish jærn, Middle Dutch iser (Dutch ijzer), Frankish īsarn, Old Frisian īsern, Old High German isarn (German Eisen), Old Norse ísarn (also járn) Swedish järn, Old Saxon isarn.

The word derives from the Proto-Germanic *īsarna-, which is most likely from the Proto-Celtic *isarnon (Old Irish iarn, Welsh haearn, haiarn), from the Proto-Indo-European *is-(e)ro- (powerful or holy), from the Proto-Indo-European *eis (strong). Cognate on that level to the Sanskrit  (isirah), vigorous, strong) and the Greek ἱερός (hierós), strong). Possibly akin to the Latin ira (anger).

Pronunciation

Chemical element
Fe Previous: manganese (Mn)
Next: cobalt (Co)

Noun

Singular
iron

Plural
s

iron (s)
An electric clothes iron.
  1. (uncountable, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A metallic chemical element having atomic number 26, and symbol Fe.
  2. (countable) A tool or appliance made of metal, which is heated and then used to transfer heat to something else; most often a thick piece of metal fitted with a handle and having a flat, roughly triangular bottom, which is heated and used to press wrinkles from clothing, and now usually containing an electrical heating apparatus.
  3. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Shackles.
  4. (slang) A handgun.
  5. (uncountable) A dark shade of the colour/color silver.
  6. (Cockney rhyming slang, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A male homosexual.
Synonyms
Hypernyms
Hyponyms
Meronyms
Holonyms
  • (metallic chemical element): molecule (sometimes)
Coordinate terms
See also
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References

  • "iron" in the Online Etymology Dictionary, Douglas Harper, 2001
  • elements.vanderkrogt.net – more information about the etymology and the chemical element. (Some of the translations were taken from that site with the permission of the author.)

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Adjective

iron (comparative {{{1}}}, superlative {{{2}}})

Positive
iron

Comparative
{{{1}}}

Superlative
{{{2}}}

  1. (not comparable) Made of the metal iron.
  2. (figuratively) Strong (as of will), inflexible.
    She had an iron will.
    He held on with an iron grip.
Synonyms
Hypernyms
Hyponyms
  • (made of the metal iron): wrought-iron,
See also
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 3

An extension of Etymology 1.

Pronunciation

Verb

Infinitive
to iron

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to iron (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (transitive) To pass an iron over (clothing or some other item made of cloth) in order to remove creases.
Synonyms
  • (to pass an iron over): press
Coordinate terms
  • (to pass an iron over): mangle
Descendants
Derived terms
Translations

Japanese

Noun

iron (kanji 異論, hiragana いろん)

  1. objection, differing opinion

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