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jaundice

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English

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Etymology

From Middle English jaundis, jaunis, from Middle French jaunisse, from jaune (yellow) + -isse (-ice, '-ness'). Jaune from Old French jalne, from [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] galbinus (yellowish), from galbus (yellow).

Noun

Singular
jaundice

Plural
-

jaundice (-)
  1. (pathology) A morbid condition, characterized by yellowness of the eyes, skin, and urine, whiteness of the feces, constipation, queasiness, loss of appetite, and general languor and lassitude. It is caused usually by obstruction of the biliary passages and consequent damming up, in the liver, of the bile, which is then absorbed into the blood. Other causes include increased hemolysis and any liver disease. The discoloration is caused by accumulation of bilirubin in the body; bilirubin is normally excreted in bile to give feces their normal yellow-brown coloration.

Derived terms

See also

Translations

Verb

Infinitive
to jaundice

Third person singular
jaundic

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
ing

to jaundice (third-person singular simple present jaundic, present participle ing, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (transitive) To affect with jaundice; to color by prejudice or envy; to prejudice.
    • The envy of wealth jaundiced his soul. - Ld. Lytton

Translations

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