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jo

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English

Etymology

From Scots jo (joy).

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /dʒəʊ/

Noun

Singular
jo

Plural
{{{1}}}

jo ({{{1}}})
  1. (Scotland) Darling, sweetheart.

Basque

Verb

jo

  1. hit

Catalan

Pronunciation

Etymology

[[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:ca:Template:lang:la derivations]] ego

Pronoun

jo

  1. I

Czech

Noun

jo

  1. Yes (spoken Czech)

Finnish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: [ˈjo̞]
  • Rhymes: -o
  • Hyphenation: jo

Adverb

jo

  1. already
    Luin kirjan jo loppuun. "I already finished the book."
  2. now (emphasizing word)
    (impatient) Tule jo! "Come now!"

See also


Norwegian

Adverb

jo

  1. yes; in disagreement with the last speaker.
    Du har ikke børstet tennene, har du? - Jo, (det har jag)
    You haven't brushed your teeth, have you? - Yes, I have

Usage notes

ja can be interpreted as an agreement with the person replied to. jo is used instead of ja if this agreement could cause ambiguity. In the example above agreement with the person asking the question would be the opposite of a confirmation that one actually did brush the teeth. As such ja would be ambiguous. The answer jo removes the possibility of agreement with the speaker.


Spanish

Interjection

¡Jo!

  1. Used to express surprise, amazement, or confusion.
    Jo! I never heard anything like that before.
    Jo!, are you serious?
    Jo!, Boy!
  2. stop (especially when commanding a horse or imitative thereof)

Swedish

Interjection

jo

  1. yes; used as a disagreement to a negative statement.
    Du har inte borstat tänderna, eller hur? - Jo.
    "You haven't brushed your teeth, have you? - Yes, I have."

Usage notes

Ja can be interpreted as an agreement with the person replied to. Jo is used instead of ja if this agreement could cause ambiguity. In the example above agreement with the person asking the question would be the opposite of a confirmation that one actually did brush the teeth. As such ja would be ambiguous. The answer jo removes the possibility of agreement with the speaker.

In northern Sweden it is however not uncommon for the word jo to be used in place of ja in all cases, at least in spoken language.

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