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know

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English

Etymology

Middle English, from Old English cnāwan. Cognate with Spanish conocer, French connaître, Latin cognoscere, Greek γνωρίζω ('I know') and γνῶσις ('knowledge'), German kennen, and Persian شناختن (šenāxtæn, 'to know').

Pronunciation

Verb

Infinitive
to know

Third person singular
knows

Simple past
knew

Past participle
known

Present participle
knowing

to know (third-person singular simple present knows, present participle knowing, simple past knew, past participle known)

Infinitive
to know

Third person singular
knows

Simple past
knowed

Past participle
-

Present participle
knowing

to know (third-person singular simple present knows, present participle knowing, simple past and past participle knowed) (dialectal) See Usage notes
  1. (intransitive) To be certain or sure about.
    I know that I’m right and you’re wrong.
    He knew something terrible was going to happen.
  2. (transitive) To be acquainted or familiar with; to have encountered.
    I know your mother, but I’ve never met your father.
  3. (transitive) To have knowledge of; to have memorised information, data, or facts about.
    He knows more about 19th century politics than one would expect.
    She knows where I live.
    Let me do it. I know how it works.
  4. (transitive) To understand (a subject).
    She knows chemistry better than anybody else.
  5. (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To have sexual relations with.
  6. (intransitive) To be informed about.
    Do you know that Michelle and Jack are getting divorced? — Yes, I know.
  7. (transitive) To be aware of (a person's) intentions.
    I won’t lend you any money. You would never pay me back; I know you.
  8. (transitive) To experience.
    Their relationship knew ups and downs.

Usage notes

The dialect verb form is inflected in a non-standard way. In addition the different simple past and past, the form knows is used for both the singular and plural of all persons of the present tense: "I knows", "you knows", "he knows", "we knows", "you knows", and "they knows".

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun

Singular
know

Plural
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know ({{{1}}})
  1. knowledge

Derived terms

References

  • "know" at The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.

know” in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

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