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malus

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See also Malus

Latin

Etymology 1

Originally associated with Ancient Greek μέλας, but support for this is waning. Compare Oscan mallom and mallud (bad).

Pronunciation

Adjective

malus m. (feminine mala, neuter malum); first/second declension

  1. bad, evil, wicked, injurious
    Malus et nequam homo.
    A evil and wicked man.
    Malam opinionem habere de aliquo.
    To have a bad opinion of someone.
    Consuetudo mala.
    A bad habit.
  2. destructive, mischievous, hurtful
  3. ill looking, ugly, deformed
  4. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) evil, unlucky
    Pessima puella.
    The unluckiest girl.
Inflection

First and second declensions (1&2).

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative malus mala malum malī malae mala
genitive malī malae malī malōrum malārum malōrum
dative malō malae malō malīs malīs malīs
accusative malum malam malum malōs malās mala
ablative malō malā malō malīs malīs malīs
vocative male mala malum malī malae mala

This adjective has irregular comparative and superlative degrees.

Antonyms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Ancient Greek μηλέα (mēlea).

Pronunciation

Noun

mālus (genitive mālī); f, second declension

  1. an apple tree
    Malus bifera.
    An apple tree bearing fruit biannually.
    Et steriles platani malos gessere valentes.
    And the fruitless plane trees have borne strong apple trees.
    Felices arbores putantur esse quercus vel malus.
    The fruitful trees are thought to be an oak or apple tree.
Inflection

Second declension (2).

Number Singular Plural
nominative mālus mālī
genitive mālī mālōrum
dative mālō mālīs
accusative mālum mālōs
ablative mālō mālīs
vocative māle mālī
Derived terms

Etymology 3

By some referred to root mac-, from the Ancient Greek word μακρός (makros), long) and Latin magnus (long); but perhaps the same word with malus.

Pronunciation

Noun

mālus (genitive mālī); m, second declension

  1. a mast of a ship
    Antemnas ad malos destinare.
    To fasten the sails to the masts.
    Malum erigi imperavit.
    He has ordered the mast to be erected.
    Attolli malos.
    The masts are lifted.
  2. a standard or pole to which the awnings spread over the theater were attached
  3. the beam in the middle of a winepress
  4. the corner beams of a tower
    Turrium mali.
    Beams of the towers.
Inflection

Second declension (2).

Number Singular Plural
nominative mālus mālī
genitive mālī mālōrum
dative mālō mālīs
accusative mālum mālōs
ablative mālō mālīs
vocative māle mālī

References

  • malus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879), A Latin Dictionary (Oxford: Clarendon Press)
  • OLD, p. 1069

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