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must

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
It is worse than a crime: it is a mistake.
Joseph Fouche
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English

Etymology

From Old English mosten, past tense of motan (be able to). Cognate with Dutch moesten and moeten and with German müssen.

Pronunciation

Verb

Infinitive
-

Third person singular
must

Simple past
had to

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

- (third-person singular simple present must, present participle -, simple past had to, past participle -)
  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To do with certainty; indicates that the speaker is certain that the subject will have executed the predicate
    If it rained all day, it must be very wet outside.
    You picked one of two, and it wasn't the first: it must have been the second.
  2. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To do as a requirement; indicates that the sentence subject is required as an imperative or directive to execute the sentence predicate, with failure to do so resulting in a negative consequence.
    You must arrive in class on time. — the requirement is an imperative
    This door handle must be rotated fully. — the requirement is a directive

Usage notes

  • (auxiliary, to do with certainty): Compare with weaker auxiliary verb should, indicating a strong probability of the predicate's execution.
  • (auxiliary, to do as a requirement): Compare with weaker auxiliary verb should, indicating mere intent for the predicate's execution; and stronger auxiliary verb will, indicating that the negative consequence will be unusually severe.
  • Must is not used to indicate obligation in the past. As indicated above, the usual form is had to. It is possible to use be bound to for the past also. For this reason, have to and be bound to are also used as alternatives to must in the present and future.

Translations

Noun

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Singular
must

Plural
{{{1}}}

must ({{{1}}})
  1. Something that exhibits the property of being stale or musty
  2. Fruit juice that will ferment or has fermented, usually grapes
  3. A time during which male elephants exhibit increased levels of sexual activity and aggressiveness (also musth).
  4. Something that is mandatory or required.
    If you'll be out all day, sunscreen is a must.

Estonian

Adjective

must (genitive musta)

  1. black (color)
  2. dirty, unclean.

Hungarian

Noun

must (plural mustok)

  1. must

Swedish

Noun

must

  1. A kind of soft drink, more commonly known as julmust

See also


Veps

Adjective

must

  1. black

Noun

must

  1. black

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