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|Rank of this word in the English language, from analyzing texts from Project Gutenberg.|
Old English nēd
- Something needed.
- I've always tried to have few needs beyond food, clothing and shelter.
- Adjectives often used with "need": physiological, psychological, emotional, psychosocial, human, special, basic, etc.
Old English nēodian
Third person singular
- (transitive): To have an absolute requirement for.
- Living things need water to survive.
- (transitive): To want strongly; to feel that one must have something.
- After ten days of hiking, I needed a shower and a shave.
- (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To be obliged or required to.
- You need not go if you don't want to.
- The verb need is construed in a few different ways:
- With a direct object, as in "I need your help."
- With a to-infinitive, as in "I need to go." In this use, need is a subject-control verb, except when the infinitive's subject is explicitly provided by a for phrase, as in "I need for this to happen."
- With a direct object and a to-infinitive, as in "I need this to happen." This construction is synonymous with the previous construction, with for; that is, the direct object is semantically the subject of the infinitive. Hence, need is an object-raising verb.
- As a modal verb, with a bare infinitive; only in the negative, as in "It need not happen today." Need in this use does not have inflected forms.
- Rarely, with a past participle, as in "Something needs done", which is synonymous with "Something needs to be done." Note that many speakers do not find this construction to be acceptable.
- Colloquially, in the construction "I need me <direct object>", which is a more emphatic version of "I need <direct object>."
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- “need” in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- "need" at The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.
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