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From Germanic *nauda-, from Indo-European *nau-, *nū- ‘death, corpse’. Cognate with Old Frisian nēd, Old Saxon nōd (Dutch nood), Old High German nōt (German Not ‘need, hardship, emergency’), Old Norse nauð (Swedish nöd), Gothic 𐌽𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃. The IE root is also the source of Lithuanian nõvyti ‘oppress, destroy’, Old Church Slavonic уныти (Russian ныть ‘throbbing pain’).
- IPA: /nyːd/
- constraint, violence, compulsion
- need as an abstract concept
- a need or necessity for something
- a situation of distress or lack of something
- the runic character ᚾ (/n/)
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