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octopus

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See also Octopus

English

An octopus

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ὀκτώπους (oktōpous) from ὀκτώ (oktō), eight) + πούς (pous), foot).

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
octopus

Plural
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octopus ({{{1}}}) (see usage note regarding plurals)
  1. Any of several marine molluscs/mollusks, of the family Octopodidae, having no internal or external protective shell or bone (unlike the nautilus, squid or cuttlefish) and eight arms each covered with suckers.
  2. (uncountable) The flesh of these marine molluscs eaten as food.
  3. An organization that has many powerful branches controlled from the centre.

Usage notes

The plural octopi comes from the mistaken notion that the -us in octopus is a Latin second declension ending. The word is actually treated as a third declension noun in Latin. The plural octopodes follows the Ancient Greek plural, ὀκτώποδες (oktōpodes). Fowler’s Modern English Usage asserts that "the only acceptable plural in English is octopuses", and that octopi is misconceived and octopodes pedantic. That said, Merriam-Webster and other dictionaries accept octopi as a plural form. The Oxford English Dictionary lists octopuses, octopi, and octopodes (the order reflecting decreasing frequency of use), stating that the last form is rare. The term octopod (either plural octopods and octopodes can be found) is taken from the taxonomic order Octopoda but has no classical equivalent, and is not necessarily synonymous (it can encompass any member of that order). The collective form octopus is usually reserved for animals consumed for food.

Translations

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Anagrams


Dutch

Etymology

From [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]]

Noun

octopus (plural octopussen, diminutive octopusje)

  1. (zoology) octopus

Latin

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ὀκτώποδες (oktōpodes), eight feet).

Noun

octopūs (genitive octopodis); m, third declension

  1. octopus
    • 1825 — Willem de Haan, Monographiæ ammoniteorum et goniatiteorum specimen, page 10.
      Jam vero testa in hac familia sola universalis pars est, Octopodis tantum exceptis.
      Now truly a shell is a part universal in this single family, octopus the notable exception.

Inflection

Number Singular Plural
nominative octopūs octopodēs
genitive octopodis octopodum
dative octopodī octopodibus
accusative octopodem octopodēs
ablative octopode octopodibus
vocative octopūs octopodēs

Norwegian

Noun

octopus

  1. octopus

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