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pain

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See also Pain, and päin

English

Etymology

From Old French peine < [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] poena (punishment, pain) < Ancient Greek ποινή (poine), bloodmoney, were-gild, fine, price paid, penalty). Compare; German Pein de(de), Dutch pijn, Afrikaans pyn.

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
pain

Plural
s

pain (s)
  1. (countable and uncountable) An ache or bodily suffering, or an instance of this; an unpleasant sensation, resulting from a derangement of functions, disease, or injury by violence; hurt.
    The greatest difficulty lies in treating patients with chronic pain.
    I had to stop running when I started getting pains in my feet.
  2. (uncountable) The condition or fact of suffering or anguish especially mental, as opposed to pleasure; torment; distress; sadness; grief; solicitude; disquietude.
    In the final analysis, pain is a fact of life.
    The pain of departure was difficult to bear.
  3. (countable) An annoying person or thing.
    Your mother is a right pain.
  4. (uncountable) (obsolete) Suffering seen as a punishment or penalty.
    You may not leave this room on pain of death.
    Interpose, on pain of my displeasure. — Dryden
    We will, by way of mulct or pain, lay it upon him. — Bacon

Usage notes

  • Adjectives often used with "pain": mild, excruciating, acute, chronic, sharp, dull, burning, stabbing, etc.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Infinitive
to pain

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to pain (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (transitive) To hurt; to put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to afflict with uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment; to torture.
    The wound pained him.
  2. (transitive) To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress; to grieve.
    It pains me to say that I must let you go.
  3. (transitive) (obsolete) To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish.

Translations

References

pain” in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.


Finnish

Noun

pain

  1. Genitive singular form of pai.

French

Etymology

Old French pan, from Latin panis.

Pronunciation

Homophones

Noun

pain m. (plural pains)

  1. bread
  2. piece of bread

Derived terms

Elsewhere on the web

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