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quark

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English

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Etymology 1

First used in 1963 by the discoverer of quarks, Murray Gell-Mann, to name these new particles. The literary connection to James Joyce's Finnegans Wake was asserted later (quote below).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA: /kwɔːk/, /kwɑːk/
  • (US) IPA: /kwɔɻk/, /kwɑɻk/

Noun

Singular
quark

Plural
{{{1}}}

quark ({{{1}}})
  1. (physics) In the Standard Model, an elementary subatomic particle which forms matter. Quarks are never found alone in nature and combine to form hadrons, such as protons and neutrons.
    1993: Gell-Mann won the linguistic battle once again: his choice, a croaking nonsense word, was "quark". (After the fact, he was able to tack on a literary antecedent when he found the phrase "Three quarks for Muster Mark" in Finnegans Wake, but the physicists quark was pronounced from the beginning to rhyme with "cork".)James Gleick, Genius: Richard Feynman and Modern Physics
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Etymology 2

[[w:Template:lang:de language|Template:lang:de]][[Category:Template:lang:de derivations]] Quark, from Middle High German quarc

Noun

quark

  1. a soft creamy cheese. The Russian quark and Finnish quark are somewhat different. The Russian version is firmer in consistency and contains about 15% milk fat, whereas the Finnish quark often contains less than 1% milk fat.
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