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refrain

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
In love, as in gluttony, pleasure is a matter of the utmost precision.
Italo Calvino
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See also Refrain

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old English refreinen, Old French refrener, French refrener, from [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] refrenare; influenced by Old French refraindre (to restrain, moderate), from Late Latin refrangere, for [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] refringere (to break up, break) (see refract). [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] refrenare is from prefix re- (back) + frenum (bridle).

Verb

Infinitive
to refrain

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to refrain (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (transitive) To hold back; to restrain; to keep within prescribed bounds; to curb; to govern.
    His reson refraineth not his foul delight or talent. Chaucer
    Refrain thy foot from their path. - Proverbs i:15.
  2. (transitive) To abstain from
    Who, requiring a remedy for his gout, received no other counsel than to refrain cold drink. - Thomas Browne
  3. (intransitive) To keep one's self from action or interference; to hold aloof; to forbear; to abstain.
    Refrain from these men, and let them alone. - Acts 5:38.
    They refrained therefrom [eating flesh] some time after. - Thomas Browne.
Translations
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Etymology 2

From French refrain, from Old French refraindre (to break off, repeat) < [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] re- + frangere ("again" + "break"); compare Pr. refranhs (a refrain), refranher (to repeat). See refract and the verb to refrain.

Noun

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Singular
refrain

Plural
{{{1}}}

refrain ({{{1}}})
  1. The burden of a song; a phrase or verse which recurs at the end of each of the separate stanzas or divisions of a poetic composition. As enjoined by a chorus.
    We hear the wild refrain. Whittier.
Translations

References

refrain” in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

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