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res publica

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Latin

Alternative spellings

Etymology

From rēs (thing”, “affair) + publica (public), the feminine form of publicus (public). Literally meaning "public thing".

Noun

rēs publica (genitive reī publicae); f, fifth declension

  1. republic, commonwealth, the state
    Magna fides in multis civibus huis rei publicae nunc inveniri potest.
    Great fidelity can now be found in many citizens of this commonwealth.
    Quis jussit illam rem publicam sercitute liberari?
    Who ordered that republic to be liberated from slavery?
    Ubi tyrannus est, ibi plane est nulla res publica.
    Where there is a tyrant, there is clearly no republic.
    Contra alias manus molorum cicium eaedem res parabuntur; rem publicam defendemus et isti cito discedent.
    These things will be procured in spite of the bands of bad citizens; we will the republic and those men of your will depart quickly.
    Hanc rem publicam salvam esse volumus.
    We wish this republic to be safe.

Inflection

Number Singular Plural
nominative [[res publica#Template:lang:la|rēs publica]] [[res publicae#Template:lang:la|rēs publicae]]
genitive [[rei publicae#Template:lang:la|reī publicae]] [[rerum publicarum#Template:lang:la|rērum publicārum]]
dative [[rei publicae#Template:lang:la|reī publicae]] [[rebus publicis#Template:lang:la|rēbus publicīs]]
accusative [[rem publicam#Template:lang:la|rem publicam]] [[res publicas#Template:lang:la|rēs publicās]]
ablative [[re publica#Template:lang:la|rē publicā]] [[rebus publicis#Template:lang:la|rēbus publicīs]]
vocative [[res publicae#Template:lang:la|rēs publica]] [[res publicae#Template:lang:la|rēs publicae]]

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