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rock

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See also Rock, and rocks

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old French roque, compare French roche

Noun

Singular
rock

Plural
s

rock (s)
Solid mineral aggregate (1)
A boulder (3)
A yellow diamond (7)
Several rocks of crack cocaine (10)
  1. (uncountable) The naturally occurring aggregate of solid mineral matter that constitutes a significant part of the earth's crust.
    The face of the cliff is solid rock.
  2. A mass of stone projecting out of the ground or water.
    The ship crashed on the rocks.
  3. A boulder or large stone.
    Some fool has thrown a rock through my window.
  4. A large hill or island having no vegetation.
    Pearl Rock near Cape Cod is so named because the morning sun makes it gleam like a pearl.
    • Pearl, Wikipedia [1]
      The location is particularly well known for its Pearl Mountain or "Pearl Rock". This huge granite rock is formed by three rounded outcrops that make up Pearl Mountain and has been compared in majesty to Uluru (formerly known as Ayers Rock) in Australia."
  5. (figuratively) Something that is strong, stable, and dependable; a person who provides security or support to another.
    • 1611, King James Bible, Matthew 16:18,
      And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
    • 1991, Robert Harling and Andrew Bergman, Soapdish, Paramount Pictures,
      Celeste Talbert: She is my rock, my right hand.
  6. (geology) Any natural material with a distinctive composition of minerals.
  7. (slang) A precious stone or gem, especially a diamond.
    Look at the size of that rock on her finger!
  8. A lump or cube of ice.
    I'll have a whisky on the rocks, please.
  9. (UK, uncountable) A type of confectionery made from sugar in the shape of a stick, traditionally having some text running through its length.
    While we're in Brighton, let's get a stick of rock!
  10. (US, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A crystalized lump of crack cocaine.
  11. (US, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) An unintelligent person, especially one who repeats mistakes.
  12. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) An Afrikaner.
  13. (US, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) In poker, an extremely conservative player who is willing to play only the very strongest hands.
Synonyms
  • (natural mineral aggregate): stone
  • (projecting mass of rock): cliff
  • (boulder or large stone): boulder, pebble, stone
  • (hill or island without vegetation):
  • (something strong, stable, and dependable): foundation, support
  • (distinctive composition of minerals):
  • (precious stone or gem): gem, diamond
  • (lump of ice): ice, ice cube
  • (confectionery made from sugar):
  • (crystalized lump of crack cocaine): crack
  • (unintelligent person):
  • (Afrikaner): Afrikaner
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Middle English rokken < Old English roccian. Cognates include Old Norse rykkja ‘pull, tear, move’ (Swedish rycka ‘pull, pluck’), Middle Dutch rucken, Old High German rucchan (German rücken, rucken ‘move jerkily’). The noun is a derivation of the verb.

Verb

Infinitive
to rock

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to rock (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (transitive) & (intransitive) To move gently back and forth.
    • Rock the baby to sleep.
    • The empty swing rocked back and forth in the wind.
  2. (transitive) To cause to shake or sway violently.
    • Don't rock the boat.
  3. (intransitive) To sway or tilt violently back and forth.
    • The boat rocked at anchor.
  4. (transitive) & (intransitive) To be washed and panned in a cradle or in a rocker (with reference to ore etc)
    • The ores had been rocked and laid out for inspection.
  5. (transitive) to disturb the emotional equilibrium of; to disturb or distress
    • Downing Street has been rocked by yet another sex scandal.
  6. (intransitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To excel.
    • This band rocks!
Synonyms
  • (move gently back and forth): sway, swing
  • (cause to shake or sway violently): agitate, churn, convulse, shake
  • (sway or tilt violently): shake
  • (be washed and panned):
  • (disturb the mental or emotional equilibrium): upset
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Derived terms

Noun

Singular
rock

Plural
{{{1}}}

rock ({{{1}}})
  1. An act of rocking.
Synonyms
  • (act of rocking):
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 3

Shortened from rock and roll. Since the meaning of rock has adapted to mean a simpler, more modern, metal-like genre, “rock and roll” has generally been left referring to earlier forms such as that of the 1950s, notably more swing-oriented style.

Noun

Singular
rock

Plural
-

rock (-)
  1. A style of music characterized by basic drum-beat, generally 4/4 riffs, based on (usually electric) guitar, bass guitar, drums, and vocals.
Synonyms
  • (style of music):
Translations

Verb

Infinitive
to rock

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to rock (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (intransitive) To play, perform, or enjoy rock music, especially with a lot of skill or energy.
    • Let’s rock!
  2. (intransitive) (slang) To be very favourable or skilful.
    • Chocolate rocks.
  3. (transitive) to thrill or excite, especially with rock music
    • Let's rock this joint!
Synonyms
  • (play, perform, or enjoy rock music):
  • (be very favourable or skilful): rule
  • (thrill or excite):
Antonyms
  • (be very favourable or skilful): suck
Translations
Derived terms
Related terms

Etymology 4

From Middle Dutch rocke (Dutch rok), Middle Low German rocken, or Old Norse rokkr (Icelandic / Faroese rokkur, Danish rok, Swedish spinnrock ‘spinning wheel’). Cognate with Old High German rocko ‘distaff’.

Noun

Singular
rock

Plural
s

rock (s)
  1. (countable) distaff
  2. (uncountable) The flax or wool on a distaff.
Synonyms
  • (distaff): distaff
  • (flax or wool):
Translations

distaff

See distaff

Anagrams


French

Etymology

English

Noun

rock m (usually uncountable)

  1. rock (style of music)

Italian

Etymology

English

Noun

rock

  1. rock (style of music)

Spanish

Noun

rock m. (plural rocks)

Singular
rock m.

Plural
rocks m.

  1. rock (music style)

Related terms


Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

rock c.

  1. rock, rock and roll
  2. coat, overcoat

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