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root

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
Happiness is a sunbeam which may pass through a thousand bosoms without losing a particle of its original ray; nay, when it strikes on a kindred heart, like the converged light on a mirror, it reflects itself with redoubled brightness. It is not perfected till it is shared.
Jane Porter
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English

Pronunciation

Homophones

  • route (Commonwealth English)

Etymology 1

From Middle English root, ‘the underground part of a plant’, from late Old English rōt, from Old Norse rōt (Icelandic rót), from Proto-Germanic *wrot, from Proto-Indo-European *wrd-, ‘root’; cognate with wort and radix.

Noun

Singular
root

Plural
{{{1}}}

root ({{{1}}})
  1. The primary source.
    The love of money is the root of all evil.
  2. The part of a plant, generally underground, that absorbs water and nutrients.
  3. The part of a tooth extending into the bone holding the tooth in place.
  4. The part of a hair under the skin that holds the hair in place.
  5. (arithmetic) Of a number or expression, a number which, when raised to a specified power, yields the specified number or expression.
    The cube root of 27 is 3.
  6. (arithmetic) A square root (understood if no power is specified; in which case, “the root of” is often abbreviated to “root”).
    Multiply by root 2.
  7. (analysis) A zero (of a function).
  8. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) The single node of a tree that has no parent.
  9. (linguistics) The primary lexical unit of a word, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents.
  10. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A word from which another word or words are derived.
  11. (computing) In UNIX terminology, the first user account with complete access to the operating system and its configuration, found at the root of the directory structure.
  12. (computing) The person who manages accounts on a UNIX system.
  13. (computing) The highest directory of a directory structure which may contain both files and subdirectories. In PC-based systems the number of entries in a root directory may be limited whereas the number entries in subdirectories is unlimited.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also

  • (linguistics): stem

Etymology 2

From Middle English wrōten, ‘to dig with the snout’, from Old English wrōtan, from Proto-Germanic *wrotanan, ‘to dig out, to root’, from Proto-Indo-European *red-, ‘to scrape, to scratch, to gnaw’; cognate with rodent.

Verb

Infinitive
to root

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to root (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. To rummage, to search as if by digging in soil, to root out.
  2. (US) To cheer to show support for a sports team, etc.
  3. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To have sexual intercourse.
Usage notes
  • The Australian sexual sense is somewhat milder than fuck but still quite coarse, certainly not for polite conversation. The sexual sense will often be understood, unless care is taken with the context to make the rummage sense clear. The US sports sense, so to speak of “rooting for the team” can cause amusement among Australians. The past participle rooted is equivalent to fucked in the figurative sense of broken or tired, but rooting is only the direct verbal sense, it isn’t an all-purpose intensive like fucking.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

Singular
root

Plural
{{{1}}}

root ({{{1}}})
  1. (Australian coarse slang) An act of sexual intercourse.
  2. (Australian coarse slang) A sexual partner.
Usage notes
  • The Australian sexual senses of root is somewhat milder than fuck but still quite coarse, certainly not for polite conversation. The normal usage is to have a root or similar.
Synonyms
Translations

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