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rzeczpospolita

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Polish

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Etymology

rzecz (thing) + pospolita (common), a loan translation of the Latin rēs publica (public affair).

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ʐɛt͡ʂpɔsˈpɔʎita/

Noun

rzeczpospolita f. [[Category:Template:lang:pl nouns|rzeczpospolita]]

  1. republic or commonwealth (abbrev. rzplita), nearly always in reference to the official name of the Republic of Poland, Rzeczpospolita Polska (abbrev. RP). Other examples: Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów Commonwealth of Poland and Lithuania, Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa Polish People's Republic (abbrev. PRL). See Rzeczpospolita for other usages.
  2. Rzeczpospolita, daily nationwide newspaper in Poland.

Declension

rzeczpospolita (rzecz f. noun – "thing", pospolita adj. – "common") is a calque translation of the Latin res publica ("public affair"). It may be declined either as two separate words or as one word (adjective). The former declension is often used to refer to the State, the latter – to the newspaper.

singular as one word as two words
nominative rzeczpospolita rzeczpospolita
genitive rzeczpospolitej rzeczypospolitej
dative rzeczpospolitej rzeczypospolitej
accusative rzeczpospolitą rzeczpospolitą
instrumental rzeczpospolitą rzecząpospolitą
locative rzeczpospolitej rzeczypospolitej
vocative rzeczpospolita rzeczypospolita
plural as one word as two words
nominative rzeczpospolite rzeczypospolite
genitive rzeczpospolitych rzeczypospolitych
dative rzeczpospolitym rzeczompospolitym
accusative rzeczpospolite rzeczypospolite
instrumental rzeczpospolitymi rzeczamipospolitymi
locative rzeczpospolitych rzeczachpospolitych
vocative rzeczpospolite rzeczypospolite

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