rzecz (“‘thing’”) + pospolita (“‘common’”), a loan translation of the Latin rēs publica (“‘public affair’”).
rzeczpospolita f. [[Category:Template:lang:pl nouns|rzeczpospolita]]
- republic or commonwealth (abbrev. rzplita), nearly always in reference to the official name of the Republic of Poland, Rzeczpospolita Polska (abbrev. RP). Other examples: Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów Commonwealth of Poland and Lithuania, Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa Polish People's Republic (abbrev. PRL). See Rzeczpospolita for other usages.
- Rzeczpospolita, daily nationwide newspaper in Poland.
rzeczpospolita (rzecz f. noun – "thing", pospolita adj. – "common") is a calque translation of the Latin res publica ("public affair"). It may be declined either as two separate words or as one word (adjective). The former declension is often used to refer to the State, the latter – to the newspaper.
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