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ser

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See also Ser, and սեր

English

Abbreviation

ser

  1. serial

Catalan

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin essere and this from [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:ca:Template:lang:la derivations]] esse, present active infinitive of sum.

Verb

ser

  1. to be

Conjugation

See also


Galician

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin essere and this from [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:gl:Template:lang:la derivations]] esse, present active infinitive of sum.

Verb

ser (first-person sg present son, first-person sg preterite fun, past participle sido)
  1. to be
  2. first-person singular personal infinitive of ser.
  3. third-person singular personal infinitive of ser.

Usage notes

Like Portuguese and Spanish, Galician has two different verbs that are usually translated to English as “to be”. The verb ser relates to essence, origin, or physical description. In contrast, the verb estar relates to current state or position.

Conjugation

See also


Hungarian

Noun

ser

  1. beer

See also


Kurdish

Noun

ser m.

  1. head

Preposition

li ser

  1. on
    li ser maseyê — “on the table”

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *syrъ.

Pronunciation

Noun

ser m. [[Category:Template:lang:pl nouns|ser]]

  1. cheese

Declension

Singular Plural
Nominative ser sery
Genitive sera serów
Dative serowi serom
Accusative ser sery
Instrumental serem serami
Locative serze serach
Vocative serze sery

Derived terms


Portuguese

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin essere < [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:pt:Template:lang:la derivations]] esse, present active infinitive of sum (I am, exist); imitation of Greek oυσία (ousía), being) from oντ- (ont-), stem of present participle of ειναι (einai), to be)

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈseɾ/

Verb

ser (first singular sou, third plural são)

  1. Denotes a permantent quality; to be;
    Ela é bonita. - “She is beautiful (permanent quality).”
  2. Denotes location in time; to be;
    Que horas são? - “What time is it?” (literally, “What hours are [they]?”)
    São cinco horas. - “It is five o'clock.” (literally, “[They] are five hours.”)
  3. Auxiliary verb for the passive voice, precedes verb in participle; to be.
    O carro foi vendido pelo seu antigo dono. - “The car has been sold by its old owner.”

Usage notes

Portuguese and Spanish have two different verbs that are usually translated to English as “to be”: ser relates to essence, contrasting with estar, which relates to state. Contrast the following:

  • O homem está felíz.—“The man is [currently] happy.”
  • O homem é felíz.—“The man is [always] happy.”
  • Estás louco?—“Are you crazy [currently out of your mind]?”
  • És louco?—“Are you crazy [permanently insane]?”
  • Ela está em casa. — “She is [currently] at home.”
  • Ela é do Brasil. — “She is [originally] from Brazil.”

Conjugation

See also

Noun

ser m. (plural seres)

  1. being.

Related terms


Romanian

Etymology

[[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:ro:Template:lang:la derivations]] serum, French sérum

Pronunciation

Noun

ser n. (plural seruri)

  1. serum

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

Old Spanish seer < Vulgar Latin essere < [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:es:Template:lang:la derivations]] esse, present active infinitive of sum (I am, exist); imitation of Greek oυσία (ousía), being) from oντ- (ont-), stem of present participle of ειναι (einai), to be)

Pronunciation

Verb

ser (first-person singular present soy, first-person singular preterite fui, past participle sido)

  1. to be (essentially or identified as).
    Yo soy de los Estados Unidos.—“I am from the United States.”
    Errar es humano.—“To err is human.”
  2. to be (in the passive voice sense)
    La guitarra fue tocada.—“The guitar was played.”
  3. to exist; to occur
    La fiesta será mañana.—“The party will be tomorrow.”

Usage notes

Portuguese and Spanish have two different verbs that are usually translated to English as “to be”: ser relates to essence, contrasting with estar, which relates to state. Contrast the following:

  • El hombre está felíz.—“The man is [currently] happy.”
  • El hombre es felíz.—“The man is [always] happy.”
  • ¿Estás loco?—“Are you crazy [currently out of your mind]?”
  • ¿Eres loco?—“Are you crazy [permanently insane]?”
  • El hombre está en casa. — “The man is [currently] at home.”
  • El hombre es de España. — “The man is [originally] from Spain.”

Conjugation


See also

Noun

ser m. (plural seres)

Singular
ser m.

Plural
seres m.

  1. A being, organism.
  2. Nature, essence
  3. Value, worth

Related terms


Swedish

Verb

ser

  1. Present tense of se.

Turkish

Etymology

From Persian

Noun

ser

  1. (archaic) head

Synonyms

Elsewhere on the web

En-En

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En-Fr

En-El

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En-Mul

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