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shear

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
When we understand that man is the only animal who must create meaning, who must open a wedge into neutral nature, we already understand the essence of love. Love is the problem of an animal who must find life, create a dialogue with nature in order to experience his own being.
Ernest Becker
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English

Etymology

From Old English scieran, from Proto-Germanic *skeran, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker-. Cognate with Dutch scheren, German scheren, Norwegian skjære, Swedish skära; and (from Indo-European) with Ancient Greek κείρω (keirō), I cut off), Latin caro (flesh), Lithuanian skìrti (separate), Welsh ysgar (separate).

Pronunciation

Verb

Infinitive
to shear

Third person singular
shears

Simple past
sheared or shore

Past participle
shorn or sheared

Present participle
shearing

to shear (third-person singular simple present shears, present participle shearing, simple past sheared or shore, past participle shorn or sheared)
  1. To cut, originally with a sword or other bladed weapon, now usually with shears, or as if using shears.
    • 1819, Walter Scott, Ivanhoe:
      So trenchant was the Templar’s weapon, that it shore asunder, as it had been a willow twig, the tough and plaited handle of the mace, which the ill-fated Saxon reared to parry the blow, and, descending on his head, levelled him with the earth.
  2. To remove the fleece from a sheep etc by clipping
  3. (physics) To deform because of shearing forces

Translations

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Noun

Singular
shear

Plural
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shear ({{{1}}})
  1. a cutting tool similar to scissors, but often larger
  2. the act of shearing, or something removed by shearing
  3. (physics) a force that produces a shearing strain

Derived terms

Translations

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