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short

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
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English

Etymology

Old English scort

Pronunciation

Adjective

short (comparative er, superlative {{{2}}})

Positive
short

Comparative
er

Superlative
{{{2}}}

  1. Having a small distance from one end or edge to another, either horizontally or vertically.
  2. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Of comparatively little height.
  3. Having little duration.
  4. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Of a word or phrase, constituting an abbreviation (for another) or shortened form (of another).
    “Phone” is short for “telephone”, and “PTO” is short for “please turn over”.
  5. (cricket, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) that bounced relatively far from the batsman
  6. (cricket, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) relatively close to the batsman
  7. brittle (of pastry); see also shortening, shortcrust
  8. missing, deficient
    The cashier came up short ten dollars on his morning shift.
  9. Any financial investment position that is structured to be profitable if the price of the underlying security declines in the future.
    I'm short General Motors because I think their sales are plunging.

Usage notes

  • (having a small distance between ends or edges): Short is often used in the positive vertical dimension, but in the horizontal dimension, shallow and narrow are more commonly used.

Synonyms

Antonyms

  • (having a small distance between ends or edges): tall, high, wide, broad, deep, long
  • (of a person, of comparatively little height): tall
  • (having little duration): long
  • (cricket, of a fielder or fielding position, relatively close to the batsman): long

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Adverb

short (not comparable)

Positive
short

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. abruptly
    They had to stop short to avoid hitting the dog in the street.
  2. unawares
    The recent developments at work caught them short.
  3. briefly
    The boss got a message and cut the meeting short.
  4. curtly
    He cut me short repeatedly in the meeting.
  5. without achieving a goal or requirement
    His speech fell short of what was expected.
  6. (cricket) of a cricket ball, to bounce relatively far from the batsman so that it bounces higher than normal; opposite of full
  7. (finance) With a negative ownership position.
    We went short most finance companies in July.

Noun

Singular
short

Plural
{{{1}}}

short ({{{1}}})
  1. A short circuit.
  2. (baseball) shortstop
    Jones smashes a grounder between third and short.
  3. (finance) A short seller
    The market decline was terrible, but the shorts were buying champagne.
  4. (finance) A short sale
    He closed out his short at a modest loss after three months.

Translations

Verb

Infinitive
to short

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to short (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (transitive) To cause a short circuit in (something).
  2. (intransitive) Of an electrical circuit, to short circuit.
  3. (transitive) To shortchange.
  4. (transitive) To provide with a smaller than agreed or labeled amount.
    This is the third time I've caught them shorting us.
  5. (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To sell something, especially securities, that one does not own at the moment for delivery at a later date in hopes of profiting from a decline in the price; to sell short.

Translations


French

Pronunciation

Noun

short m. (plural shorts)

  1. shorts, short trousers (UK)
    Avec un pantalon, j'ai moins froid aux jambes qu'avec un short.
    “With trousers on, my legs are not as cold as with shorts on.”

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