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sinä

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
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See also sina

Finnish

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: si‧nä
  • IPA: ['sinæ]

Etymology 1

  • From ancient *tinä which has produced the verb person suffix -t.

Pronoun

sinä (stem sinu-)

  1. (personal) you (second person singular, familiar), (in archaic English) thou.
Inflection
  • Irregular. The comitative and instructive forms don't exist; the abessive is hardly used.
  • In addition to the standard set of cases, sinä and the other personal pronouns have a specific accusative form, sinut.
Usage notes
  • Depending on the context, the pronoun can sometimes be omitted in written language if the text remains fluent – the pronoun is in spoken language practically always used, though in different (abovementioned) dialectic variants. (cf. the usage of te, "you" (pl.))
  • As in many other European languages, the second person plural te is used in formal contexts or when addressing an unfamiliar elderly person (see teititellä). However, this custom is not anymore as usual as elsewhere in Europe in everyday life – there is from time to time discussion whether this custom is inconvenient in modern society. However, a safe way to start conversation with an unfamiliar person, especially with an elderly person, is saying "te".
Synonyms
  • sa (archaic, poetic)
  • sie (dialectal)
  • (colloquial)
  • sää (dialectal)
Derived terms

See also

Etymology 2

  • Inflected form of se.

Pronoun

sinä

  1. (demonstrative) Essive singular form of se.

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