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sister

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English

Etymology

From Old English sweoster, from Proto-Germanic *swistr-, from Proto-Indo-European *swésōr.

Germanic cognates: Old Frisian swester, Old Saxon swestar (Dutch zuster), Old High German swester (German Schwester), Gothic 𐍃𐍅𐌹𐍃𐍄𐌰𐍂.

Indo-European cognates: Latin soror, Old Irish siur (Welsh chwaer), Old Church Slavonic сестра (Russian сестра), Lithuanian sesuõ.

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
sister

Plural
{{{1}}}

sister ({{{1}}})
  1. a daughter of the same parents as another person; a female sibling.
    My little sister is an annoying pest.
  2. a female member of a religious community; a nun.
  3. (UK) a senior or supervisory nurse, often in a hospital.
  4. any woman or girl with whom a bond is felt through common membership of a race, profession, religion or organization, such as feminism.
    Connie was very close to her friend Judy and considered her to be her sister.
  5. (slang) a black woman
  6. (informal) a form of address to a woman
    • What’s up, sister?
  7. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Of or relating to an entity that has a special or affectionate relationship with another
    sister publication
    sister city

Synonyms

  • (woman or girl with the same parents): (slang) sis
  • (member of religious community): nun
  • (supervisory nurse): charge nurse (the male equivalent)
  • (informal: form of address to a woman): darling, dear, (US) lady, love, miss, (northern UK) pet

Antonyms

Hypernyms

  • (daughter of common parents): sibling

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Infinitive
to sister

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to sister (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To strengthen (a supporting beam) by fastening a second beam alongside it.
    I’m trying to correct my sagging floor by sistering the joists.

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