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stem

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English

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Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Old English stefn (later: stemn)

Noun

Singular
stem

Plural
{{{1}}}

stem ({{{1}}})
  1. (botany) The above-ground stalk (technically axis) of a vascular plant, and certain anatomically similar, below-ground organs such as rhizomes, bulbs, tubers, and corms.
  2. A slender supporting member of an individual part of a plant such as a flower or a leaf; also, by analogue the shaft of a feather.
  3. A narrow part on certain man-made objects, such as a wine glass, a tobacco pipe, a spoon.
  4. (linguistics) The main part of an uninflected word to which endings may be added to form inflections of the word.
  5. (typography) A vertical stroke of a letter.
  6. (music) A vertical stroke of a symbol representing a note in written music.
  7. (nautical) The vertical or nearly vertical forward extension of the keel, to which the forward ends of the planks or strakes are attached. (FM 55-501).
Derived terms
Translations
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Etymology 2

From Old Norse stemma

Verb

Infinitive
to stem

Third person singular
stem

Simple past
ing

Past participle
-

Present participle
m

to stem (third-person singular simple present stem, present participle m, simple past and past participle ing)
  1. To descend in a family line.
  2. To be caused or derived; to originate.
    The current crisis stems from the short-sighted politics of the previous government.
  3. To take out the stem from something.
  4. To stop, hinder (for instance, a river or blood).
    • stem a tide
  5. (skiing) To move the feet apart and point the tips of the skis inward in order to slow down the speed or to facilitate a turn.
Synonyms
Translations
See also

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

stem

  1. voice

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