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stone

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English

Etymology

From Old English stān, from Proto-Germanic *stainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *stai-. Cognate with Scots stane, Dutch steen, German Stein, Swedish sten, Danish sten, Norwegian stein and (from Indo-European) with Ancient Greek στῖον (stion), pebble), Russian стена (stená), wall).

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
stone

Plural
countable and uncountable; plural stones except as shown below

stone (countable and uncountable; plural stones except as shown below)
  1. (uncountable) A hard earthen substance that can form large rocks and boulders.
  2. A small piece of stone.
  3. A gemstone, a jewel, especially a diamond.
  4. (UK) (plural: stone) A unit of mass equal to 14 pounds. Used to measure the weights of people, animals, cheese, wool, etc. 1 stone ≈ 6.3503 kilograms
    • 1882: Generally, however, the stone or petra, almost always of 14 lbs., is used, the tod of 28 lbs., and the sack of thirteen stones. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England Volume 4, p. 209.
  5. (botany) The central part of some fruits, particularly drupes; consisting of the seed and a hard endocarp layer.
    a peach stone
  6. (medicine) A hard, stone-like deposit.
    kidney stone
  7. (board games)A playing piece made of any hard material, used in various board games such as backgammon, and go.
  8. (color) A dull light grey or beige, like that of some stones.
    stone colour:   
  9. (curling) A 42-pound, precisely shaped piece of granite with a handle attached, which is bowled down the ice.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Infinitive
to stone

Third person singular
ston

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
ing

to stone (third-person singular simple present ston, present participle ing, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (transitive) To pelt with stones, especially to kill by pelting with stones.
  2. (transitive) To remove a stone from (fruit etc.).
  3. (intransitive) To form a stone during growth, with reference to fruit etc.
  4. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To intoxicate, especially with narcotics. (Usually in passive)

Translations

Adjective

stone (not comparable)

Positive
stone

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. Constructed of stone.
    stone walls
  2. Having the appearance of stone.
    stone pot
  3. (color) Of a dull light grey or beige, like that of some stones.
  4. Complete, absolute, of the highest degree.
    stone free

Translations

Adverb

stone (not comparable)

Positive
stone

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. As a stone (used with following adjective).
    My father is stone deaf. This soup is stone cold.
  2. (slang) Absolutely, completely (used with following adjective).
    I went stone crazy after she left.

Derived terms

Translations

Derived terms

Related terms

See also

Anagrams

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