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strain

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
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Michael Wickett
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See also străin

English

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Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Old English strēon, ġestrēon, from Germanic, from Proto-Indo-European *streu ( cognate with Latin strues (heap)

Noun

Singular
strain

Plural
{{{1}}}

strain ({{{1}}})
  1. (obsolete) Treasure.
  2. (obsolete) The blood-vessel in the yolk of an egg.
  3. (archaic) Race; lineage, pedigree.
  4. a tune, melody
  5. (biology) A particular breed or race of animal, microbe etc.
    They say this year's flu virus is a particularly virulent strain.
  6. Hereditary character, quality, or disposition.
    There is a strain of madness in her family.
  7. (rare) A kind or sort (of person etc.).

Quotations

Translations

Etymology 2

Old French estreindre ( > French étreindre (to grip)), from [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] stringere (to draw tight together, to tie).

Noun

Singular
strain

Plural
-

strain (-)
  1. (uncountable) (engineering) The amount by which a material deforms under stress or force, given as a ratio of the deformation to the initial dimension of the material and typically symbolised by ε is termed the engineering strain. The true strain is defined as the natural logarithm of the ratio of the final dimension to the initial dimension.

Verb

Infinitive
to strain

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to strain (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. To exert or struggle (to do something), especially to stretch too far.
    Sitting in back, I strained to hear the speaker.
  2. To apply a force or forces to
  3. To tighten the strings of a musical instrument; to uplift one’s voice
  4. To separate solid from liquid by passing through a strainer or colander
Translations

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