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substantive

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English

Etymology

From Old French substantif.

Pronunciation

\Sub"stan*tive\

Adjective

substantive (comparative {{{1}}}, superlative {{{2}}})

Positive
substantive

Comparative
{{{1}}}

Superlative
{{{2}}}

  1. Of the essence or essential element of a thing; as, "substantive information".
  2. Having substance and prompting thought.
  3. (law) Applying to essential legal principles and rules of right; as, "substantive law".

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun

Singular
substantive

Plural
{{{1}}}

substantive ({{{1}}})
  1. (grammar) A word that names or refers to a person, place, thing, or idea. Nouns and personal pronouns are always substantives by nature. Other pronouns, numerals and most determiners readily function as substantives in English and many other languages. When present participles function as substantives in English, they are called gerunds; many other languages prefer to use infinitives more often for this purpose. Care in translation is needed when adjectives are used as substantives, because languages differ in which ones are permitted and which ones must remain adjectives.

An example is that English readily uses an adjective of nationality to mean a language whereas French often requires the noun langue (language). Further, languages with plural or gendered articles use these with the substantive adjectives to impart different meanings.

Derived terms

Translations


French

Adjective

substantive

  1. Feminine form of substantif. "nominal"

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: [sub.stanˈti.ve]

Noun

substantive n. pl.

  1. Plural form of substantiv. nouns

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