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sum

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English

Pronunciation

Homophones

Etymology 1

Middle English summe, from Old French, from [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] summa, feminine of summus, highest

Noun

Singular
sum

Plural
{{{1}}}

sum ({{{1}}})
  1. (arithmetic) A quantity obtained by addition or aggregation.
    The sum of 3 and 4 is 7.
  2. (arithmetic) An arithmetic computation, especially one posed to a student as an exercise (not necessarily limited to addition.)
  3. A quantity of money.
  4. A summary.
  5. A central idea or point.
  6. The utmost degree.
  7. (obsolete) An old English measure of corn equal to the quarter.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, page 207:
      The sum is also used for the quarter, and the strike for the bushel.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Infinitive
to sum

Third person singular
sum

Simple past
ing

Past participle
-

Present participle
m

to sum (third-person singular simple present sum, present participle m, simple past and past participle ing)
  1. (transitive) To add together.
    • 2005, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. 250b.
      when you say that stability and change are, it's because you're summing them up together as embraced by it, and taking note of the communion each of them has with being.
  2. (transitive) To give a summary of.
Synonyms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Uzbek.

Noun

sum

  1. The basic unit of money in Kyrgyzstan.
  2. The basic unit of money in Uzbekistan.
Translations

Faroese

Conjunction

sum

  1. like, as
  2. when, as

Particle

sum (relative particle)

  1. that, who, which

Synonyms


Icelandic

Adjective

sum

  1. the feminine nominative singular of sumur (some)
  2. the neuter nominative plural of sumur (some)
  3. the neuter accusative plural of sumur (some)
    Ég þekkti sum barnanna.
    I knew some of the children.

Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi (I am, I exist). Cognates include Ancient Greek εἰμί (eimi), Sanskrit अस्मि (ásmi), Old English eom (English am).

Pronunciation

Verb

present active sum, present infinitive esse, perfect active fuī, future participle futūrus. (irregular)
  1. To be, exist.
    Sum sine regno
    I am without a kingdom.
    Sic sum ut vides.
    Thus I am as you see.
    Dixit duas res ei rubori fuisse.
    He said that two things had abashed him.
    Civis Romanus sum.
    I am a Roman citizen.

Inflection

Irregular conjugation.

Derived terms

Descendants


Old English

Etymology

Common Germanic *sumaz, whence also Old High German sum, Old Norse sumr

Pronoun

sum n.

  1. some

Descendants


Polish

sum (a catfish, Silurus glanis)

Pronunciation

Noun

sum m. [[Category:Template:lang:pl nouns|sum]]

  1. (fish) European catfish

Declension

Singular Plural
Nominative sum sumy
Genitive suma sumów
Dative sumowi sumom
Accusative suma sumy
Instrumental sumem sumami
Locative sumie sumach
Vocative sumie sumy

Shabo

Verb

sum

  1. say

Slovene

Noun

sum m.

  1. suspicion, mistrust

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