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From Old French surveoir, surveer (French surveiller), from sur, sor (“‘over’”), English sur + veoir, veeir (“‘to see’”), French voir, [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] videre. See sur- and vision.
- (UK) IPA: /ˈsɜːveɪ/, SAMPA: /"s3:veI/, or, especially formerly, as the verb
- (US) enPR: sûrʹvā, IPA: /ˈsɝveɪ/, SAMPA: /"s3`veI/, or, especially formerly, as the verb
- Rhymes: -ɜː(r)veɪ
- Rhymes: -eɪ
- The act of surveying; a general view, as from above.
- "Under his proud survey the city lies." -Sir J. Denham.
- A particular view; an examination, especially an official examination, of all the parts or particulars of a thing, with a design to ascertain the condition, quantity, or quality; as, a survey of the stores of a ship; a survey of roads and bridges; a survey of buildings.
- The operation of finding the contour, dimensions, position, or other particulars of, as any part of the earth's surface, whether land or water; also, a measured plan and description of any portion of country, or of a road or line through it.
- (act of surveying): prospect
- (particular view): examination, retrospect
- (finding the particulars of a place): poll, review
Third person singular
- To inspect, or take a view of; to view with attention, as from a high place; to overlook; as, to stand on a hill, and survey the surrounding country.
- "Round he surveys and well might, where he stood, So high above." -Milton.
- To view with a scrutinizing eye; to examine.
- "With such altered looks, . . . All pale and speechless, he surveyed me round." -Dryden.
- To examine with reference to condition, situation, value, etc.; to examine and ascertain the state of; as, to survey a building in order to determine its value and exposure to loss by fire.
- To determine the form, extent, position, etc., of, as a tract of land, a coast, harbor, or the like, by means of linear and angular measurements, and the application of the principles of geometry and trigonometry; as, to survey land or a coast.
- To examine and ascertain, as the boundaries and royalties of a manor, the tenure of the tenants, and the rent and value of the same.
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