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them

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English

Pronunciation

Pronoun

them personal pronoun, objective case

  1. Third personal plural pronoun used after a preposition or as the object of a verb.
    Give it to them. (after preposition)
    She wrote them a letter. (indirect object)
    She treated them for a cold. (direct object)
  2. Third person singular pronoun of indeterminate or irrelevant gender
    If someone comes and asks for the ticket, just give it to them. (after preposition)
    If one of my patients calls, please bring them their dinner. (indirect object)
    If a student has an inappropriate question, whatever you do, do not berate them. (direct object)

Usage notes

  • For notes on the usage referring to a person of unspecified gender, see the usage notes for they.

Related terms

Translations

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  • Arabic: هم (hum)
  • Czech: nim (after preposition), jim (indirect object), je (direct object)
  • Dutch: hen f., hun
  • Esperanto: ili (after preposition), al ili (indirect object), ilin (direct object)
  • Finnish: heidät, heitä, heille
  • French: (after preposition) eux m., elles f., (indirect object) leur, (indirect object, emphatic) leur ... à eux m., leur ... à elles f., (indirect object with an imperative verb) leur, (direct object) les, (direct object, emphatic) les ... eux m., les ... elles f.
    Note: In French, the masculine form is used to refer to a group of people or things that include at least one male or at least one masculine noun respectively, or when the sexes or genders are unknown; the feminine form is used only when all the people or things in the group referred to are known to be female or feminine, respectively.
    Examples:
    After preposition: It is for them — C'est pour eux; C’est pour elles
    Indirect object: She tells them her name — Elle leur dit son nom; She gives the book to them — Elle leur donne le livre
    Indirect object, emphatic: She gives the book to themElle leur donne le livre à eux; Elle leur donne le livre à elles
    Indirect object with an imperative verb: Give it to them — Donnez-le-leur
    Direct object: She hates them — Elle les déteste
    Direct object, emphatic: She loves themElle les aime, eux; Elle les aime, elles
  • German: sie, ihnen
  • Hungarian: őket, azokat
  • Irish: iad; emphatic iadsan
  • Italian: (after preposition) loro, (indirect object) loro, gli (colloquial), (indirect object, emphatic) a loro, (indirect object with an imperative verb) loro, gli (colloquial; becomes glie- when used with a direct object), (direct object) li m., le f., (direct object, emphatic) loro
    Note: In Italian, the masculine form is used to refer to a group of people or things that include at least one male or at least one masculine noun respectively, or when the sexes or genders are unknown; the feminine form is used only when all the people or things in the group referred to are known to be female or feminine, respectively.
    Examples:
    After preposition: It is for them — É per loro
    Indirect object: Maria tells them her name — Maria dice loro il suo nome; Maria gli dice il suo nome
    Indirect object, emphatic: Maria gives the book to themMaria dà il libro a loro
    Indirect object with an imperative verb, used without a direct object: Write to them — Scrivi loro; Scrivigli; Tell them — Di' loro; Digli
    Indirect object with an imperative verb, used with a direct object: Send it to them — Spediscilo loro; Spedisciglielo; Give it to them — Dallo loro; Daglielo
    Direct object: Maria wants them - Maria li vuole; Maria le vuole
    Direct object, emphatic: Maria wants themMaria vuole loro
  • Japanese: 彼らを (かれらを, karera o)
  • Korean: 그들을 (geudeuleul), 그들에게 (geudeulege)
  • Manx: ad, emphatic: adsyn
  • Novial: les m., f. or n., los m., las f., lus n.
  • Portuguese: os, lhes
  • Russian: их (iχ), им (im), ими (ími)
  • Slovak: im (dative), ich (accusative)
  • Spanish: les (direct object); a ellos m., a ellas f. (indirect object); ellos m., ellas f. (after preposition)
  • Swedish: dem

Romani

Noun

them m. (plural thema)

  1. country

Elsewhere on the web

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