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this

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
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English

Etymology

Middle English < Old English þis (neuter demonstrative) < North Sea Germanic base *þa- < Proto-Germanic *that < Proto-Indo-European *tód, extended form of demonstrative base *to-; + North Sea Germanic definitive suffix -s < Proto-Indo-European *só (this, that).

Pronunciation

Determiner

this (plural these)

  1. The (thing) here (used in indicating something or someone nearby).
    This classroom is where I learned to read and write.
  2. The known (thing) (used in indicating something or someone just mentioned).
    They give the appearance of knowing what they're doing. It's this appearance that lets them get away with so much.
  3. The known (thing) (used in indicating something or someone about to be mentioned).
    When asked what he wanted for his birthday, he gave this reply: “[…]”
  4. A known (thing) (used in first mentioning a person or thing that the speaker does not think is known to the audience).
    I met this woman the other day who's allergic to wheat. I didn't even know that was possible!

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Related terms

Pronoun

this (plural these)

  1. The thing, item, etc. being indicated.
    This is the excellent foppery of the world, that, when we are sick in fortune,—often the surfeit of our own behaviour,—we make guilty of our disasters the sun, the moon, and the stars; as if we were villains on necessity; fools by heavenly compulsion; knaves, thieves, and treachers by spherical pre-dominance; drunkards, liars, and adulterers by an enforced obedience of planetary influence; and all that we are evil in, by a divine thrusting on: an admirable evasion of whoremaster man, to lay his goatish disposition to the charge of a star! My father compounded with my mother under the dragon's tail, and my nativity was under ursa major; so that it follows I am rough and lecherous.—Tut! I should have been that I am, had the maidenliest star in the firmament twinkled on my bastardizing. — Shakespeare, King Lear, Act 1. Scene 2.

Related terms

Translations

Anagrams

Elsewhere on the web

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